WV24 ( KV24 ) Tomb of Unknown
The ancient Egyptian tomb WV24, also known as KV24 called (King 's Valley 24), is located in the Valley of the Kings was discovered before 1832. His name WV (West Valley) refers to the location of the tomb, as it is not like the other royal tombs located in the East Valley, but how WV22, WV23, WV25, and WCL located in the western valley.
It is an unfinished and non- royal grave, the grave owner is unknown. WV24 was used during different eras, including during the New Kingdom (18th Dynasty), the Greco -Roman period or the Third Intermediate Period ( Dynasty 22 ). However, the location of the tomb and the derived therefrom findings suggest a dating to the end of the 18th Dynasty.
Research and publication
An exact date for the discovery and information on the discovery of the tomb is not known. It is stated that it was discovered WV24 " before 1832 ". However, the grave already at this time by John Gardner Wilkinson (1825-1828) and Robert Hay was (1825-1835) visited, customized the maps and plans. It is possible that other Egyptologists and researchers WV24 sought out, including probably Émile Chassinat or Howard Carter, who worked in this period under Flinders Petrie. Jaroslav Černý 1971 followed, and AA Sadek, who also made mapping work. Investigations and excavations found only after 150 years instead of becoming aware of the grave.
WV24 was exposed in the years 1991 to 1992 by Otto Schaden of the University of Arizona and excavated. He published his results in the fall of 1991 in KMT 2/3.
Location and architecture
WV24 located in the West Valley in a short distance to the unfinished WV25 grave, presumably for King (Pharaoh) Akhenaten started but was abandoned. It consists of a clean sculptured shaft and an unfinished chamber and has a volume of 47.37 m³ over an area of 23:36 m. The chamber is rectangular, but has irregularities, and is rounded on the east side.
WV24 was filled with his discovery with debris, which comes even partly from the grave or was flushed into by the floods after heavy rains in the valley. It wasp nests were discovered from a concrete - like material on the walls and the ceiling.
The uncovery and excavation damage found in the shaft various remains, which are believed to originate from a Nachbegräbnis from the 22nd Dynasty. Various items such as wooden fragments of a child's coffin, many mummy wrappings, containers, funeral materials, fragments of late Roman amphorae were recovered with tape and ceramic pots, which might originate from the Coptic period. Furthermore included WV24 remains of mammals and five human corpses, among whom was a child. A found antique pulley, the leg of a small box, a plurality of glass fragments and inlaid threads dated to the time of the 18th Dynasty. From a broken glass beads and an ivory with gold rim fragment is assumed to be from the nearby grave WV23, the grave of the Eje, the successor of Tutankhamun, come .. Further finds were tools used by carpenters and masons.
Signs of a royal burial in the grave there is not. For the use of the tomb there are two different interpretations: It was created for a follower of the owner of WV25, but could also have been a camp for grave 25, similar to the WVA for WV22, the grave of Amenhotep III, has been.. Because it has been taken out from both WV24 and WV25 of about the same amount of rock, it is possible that with two graves started at approximately the same time and at the same time they were abandoned.