Wye River Memorandum
The Wye Agreement (even Wye Pact ) was an interim agreement, which should govern the further troop withdrawal of Israeli forces from the West Bank. It implemented the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip of 28 September 1995.
Under the mediation of the then U.S. President Bill Clinton and the King of Jordan, Hussein II Israelis and Palestinians met at Wye Plantation near Washington, DC, to move the stalled peace process back on track. On October 23, signed in 1998 Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the chairman of the Palestinian Authority, Yasser Arafat, the agreement at the White House, Bill Clinton served as a witness. On 17 November 1998 approved 75 of the 120 Knesset members for the agreement, 19 Voted against it.
The outbreak of the second Intifada in September 2000 prevented reacting the Wye Agreement.
The Wye Agreement mainly included the following provisions:
- The Israeli withdrawal in steps of 13% of the other areas that were held since the Six Day War of Israel. This should make for within the next three months;
- The complete downfall of the administration of a further 14 % of the areas that were previously under common management;
- Agreements on the development of trade and transport.
In addition, the demands of Netanyahu and Israel were included in the catalog, which demanded the following counter-moves by the Palestinian side:
- Assurances from the Palestinian side, terrorism, especially Hamas, to fight (including through the collection of illegal weapons) and the so-called "revolving door " policy (dismissal of terrorists after a few months in prison ) finish;
- Change in the PLO Charter;
- Reduction of the Palestinian police, who had grown to double the number of police officers, it was agreed as the Oslo Accords.
The implementation of the Wye agreement should be train to train. By December of 1998, but only about a third of the agreements was fulfilled. The agreement fell apart despite the re- mediation efforts Clintons. Netanyahu's government was split into parts, which rejected the agreement and parts that criticized the in their view, to slow retreat.
In May 1999 there were elections and Ehud Barak was elected Prime Minister. This sought a rapid implementation of the Wye agreement and negotiations on a final status. So there was a follow-up agreement in Sharm el Sheikh ( Egypt), which was signed by Barak and Arafat on September 5, 1999 (see Wye II).