Xi Jinping (Chinese习近平/习近平, Pinyin Xi Jinping, IPA: [ ɕǐ d̥ʑ̥înp ǐŋ ʰ ]; born June 15, 1953 in Fuping, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China ) is the reigning President of the People 's Republic of China. He is in personal union also General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC ) and chairman of the Central Military Commission.
The 18th Party Congress of the Communist Party of the People's Republic of China in 2013 brought the so-called fifth generation of leaders of the People's Republic of China to power. Xi Jinping is now applicable due to its abundance of power as de facto Paramount Leader of the People's Republic of China. The inner circle of the leadership of the country belong to him yet except the six other members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China.
Xi was born the son of Xi Zhongxun. Xi Zhongxun was a member of the Communist Party of China (CPC ), Vice - Premier of the People's Republic of China ( 1959-1962 ) and Governor of Guangdong ( 1979-1981 ) Province since 1928. 1974 joined Xi Jinping of the CCP. After studying chemical engineering at Tsinghua University, he received his doctorate in the field of jurisprudence.
After Xi was first deputy mayor in Xiamen in Fujian, in 1993 he became a member of the Provincial Administration of Fujian and Chairman of the People's Congress of Fuzhou. After five and a half years as deputy party secretary in Fujian (1995-2000) he became governor in Fujian and also a member of the party leadership in the province of Zhejiang. He was governor of Zhejiang, 2002.
2003 Xi Secretary of the Provincial Committee and chairman of the People's Congress in Zhejiang. He was non-voting member of the 15th Central Committee of Communist Party of China and a member of the 16th Central Committee.
In March 2007, replacing Xi, after the deposition Chen Liangyus, the mayor temporarily employed by Shanghai, Han Zheng, in his capacity as party chief in Shanghai. Xi was elected in October 2007, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC, it came under the affairs of Hong Kong and Macau.
Since 15 March 2008 Xi was Vice President of the People 's Republic of China; Since October 2010, he was appointed Deputy Chairman of the Military Commission of the country. This represents the political leadership of the People's Liberation Army
Since his election as Vice President of the People's Republic during the session of the 11th National People's Congress on 15 March 2008, Xi was considered the designated successor to President Hu Jintao.
In early September 2012, Xi Jinping long time not seen in public, and said all appointments with foreign politicians, including Hillary Clinton, from. This triggered speculation about his whereabouts tried the Chinese Internet censorship curb by search requests to Xi Jinping were very largely suppressed in Chinese search engines. Chinese Internet users trying to circumvent censorship through the creation of alternative spellings for Xi's name, but these variants were quickly blocked. Only after more than two weeks Xi came back to the public, with the reasons for the temporary withdrawal from the public still remained unknown. Neither Xi is still official bodies commented on them. Most speculations related to the health of Xi. On November 14, 2012 Xi Jinping was elected at the 18th Congress of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, on November 15, General Secretary. In 2013 he was finally President of the People 's Republic of China.
During his time as governor of Fujian to Xi began for Taiwanese entrepreneurs to provide incentives for investment in China. He also put on an opening to a market economy. During his reign in Zhejiang Xi put an emphasis on the fight against corruption.
On 18 October 2010 Xi was appointed deputy chairman of the Central Military Commission of China, the political leadership of the People 's Liberation Army, was appointed. The appeal was considered a further indication that Xi should be built as a successor Hu Jintao.
On March 14, 2013 Xi was elected by the National People's Congress as the new president of the People's Republic of China.
He is since 1987 married his second wife, Peng Liyuan ( born November 20, 1962), a well known folk singer and member of the Band of the People's Liberation Army. Their joint, born 1992 daughter Mingze studied at Harvard University. His first wife was Ke Xiaoming.
2012 published the business news agency Bloomberg a message after the family Xi Jinping had acquired a fortune of several hundred million dollars by taking advantage of their political relations. However, Xi himself he said, can be detected no wrongdoing. The website of Bloomberg has been banned after publication in the People's Republic of China.
In January 2014, known by search of offshore leaks that are displaced by a sibling of Xi Jinping funds of the family about offshore companies abroad.