Xichang Satellite Launch Center
28.196944444444102.07138888889Koordinaten: 28 ° 11 ' 49 "N, 102 ° 4' 17 " O
The Baikonur Xichang (Chinese西昌 卫星 发射 中心, Pinyin Xichang Weixing fāshè Zhongxin ) is a Chinese space station.
The launch site was completed in 1984 and is located about 64 kilometers north- west of the city of Xichang. It is mainly used to launch communications satellite into orbit.
From 1984, several copies of the rocket Long March 3 (CZ -3) were successfully launched into space. In 1996 happened on the space station a terrible accident when a rocket with the satellite Intelsat 708 crash.
From 1975 to 1982, the launch pad No. 3 was built. She was the first completed in Xichang launch pad. On April 8, 1984, with the first Chinese geostationary satellite, the DFH -2, launched from ramp # 3 a rocket of the type CZ -3. By 2004, around 15 carrier rockets were launched. Then the old ramp was demolished and rebuilt by 2007. On April 14, started in 2007 as the first space mission of the new ramp No.3 a CZ -3A with the navigation satellite Compass M1. In connection with the development of commercial carrier rocket CZ -2E was in Xichang another launch complex, Ramp No. 2, built in the years 1989 to 1990. In contrast to the ramp ramp No.3 No.2 has a movable and an immovable maintenance storm. From ramp # 2 is especially the powerful Chinese rocket for geostationary satellites, the CZ- 3B used. In the technical area, 3 kilometers south of the two ramps No.2 and No.3, rocket stages and satellites are being prepared. The assembly of the rocket is done directly on the ramp.
For manned missions a ramp No.1 was originally planned, but never built. 2 kilometers from the planned location of the ramp ramp No.1 No. 2 was built.
More Chinese space ports:
- The Jiuquan spaceport
- The Baikonur Taiyuan
- The Baikonur Wenchang