Xorazm Province

The Xorazm Province ( Uzbek: Xorazm Viloyati, Хоразм вилояти ) is a Viloyat ( province ) in western Uzbekistan. It borders with Turkmenistan, Bukhara Province and the semi-autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan of Uzbekistan. The area is 6300 km ², with a population of 1,498,321 inhabitants, of whom about 80 % live in rural areas.

The climate is characterized very continental, with cold winters and hot, dry summer months.


The Xorazm Province is divided into 10 administrative districts and three county-level cities ( Urgench, Khiva, Pitnak ). Capital is Urgench with 142 973 inhabitants. Other major cities include, for example, Khiva ( 58 989 inhabitants), Xonqa ( 42 767 inhabitants), Shovot ( 28 610 inhabitants) and Gurlan ( 29,200 inhabitants).

Culture and history

The capital of the Khanate of Khiva in Khorezm, on Choresmien the name goes back Xorazm Province, Khiva was. The walled old town Ichan - Qal'a the city of Khiva is now a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

In Xorazm, were favored by the ancient oasis town of Khiva, born many famous scholars of the Orient, such as the Persian polymath al - Khwarizmi (c. 780; † 835-850 ) and al -Biruni (* 973, † 1048).

Economy and Transport

Besides tourism, the province lives mainly from cotton and rice cultivation. These attachments come from fruits and vegetables, such as cucumbers, melons, grapes, and potatoes. The dependence of the cotton is but look at the variety of cotton-processing operations: processing of raw cotton, cotton seed production of oil, production of textiles and carpets.

Xorazm has for millennia been an important transit area between the Orient, Russia and the Caucasus. Accordingly, the infrastructure, also because of tourism, well developed, with 130 km of railway lines and 2,000 km of paved roads.

Andijon | Bukhara | Fargona | Jizzax | Karakalpakstan (Republic of ) | Namangan | Navoi | Qashqadaryo | Samarkand | Sirdaryo | Surxondaryo | Tashkent ( capital ) | Tashkent ( province ) | Xorazm

  • Xorazm Province
  • Uzbek province