Xousse is a commune with 124 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2011 ) in the department of Meurthe -et -Moselle in the Lorraine region. Administratively it belongs to the district Luneville and Canton Blâmont. She is also a member of the local association, founded in 1997 Vezouze.
Xousse is located at about 250 m above sea level, about halfway between Luneville and Sarrebourg. In the north the territory of the municipality is bordered by the Moselle department.
The municipal area includes a portion of gentle hills between the valleys of the north and the Sânon Vezouze in the south. The streams and ditches in the municipality of Xousse ( Ruisseau de Baraque, Ruisseau de la Noue, Ruisseau des Grandes Meizes and Ruisseau de la saline) flow in a fan shape to the north over the small river Remoncourt to Sânon in Moselle. Parallel to Sânon runs the Rhine- Marne Canal. Most of the 6.14 km ² municipal area consists of arable and pasture land, only a small part of the south is forested ( Bois des Évrieux, Champ Bonhomme ). To the southwest the terrain gradually rises; it reaches to the southwestern boundary of the municipality with 306 m above the sea the greatest height.
To Xousse heard the west the village hamlet of Kudémont.
Neighboring communities of Xousse Lagarde are in the north, Remoncourt in the east, in the southeast Leintrey, Emberménil in the south and Vaucourt in the West.
The golden lion on a blue background in the arms of Xousse reminiscent of Jacques de Xousse whose family was ennobled in 1510 by Duke Anton II.
The name originated from the Old High German Sulz / jelly for brine or salt water. The spellings of the place name evolved from Solcia in 1129 on Xouces ( 1328 ), Xouse ( 1497 ), Xousses ( 1506) and Xousse (1793) to the present Xousse from 1801.
Xousse was from 1871 to 1914 on the border of the German Reich.
In October 1944 Xousse was destroyed during fighting between Americans and Germans to 98%. Many residents were forced to dig trenches defense; most residents were later deported towards Sarrebourg.
- Newly built church of St. Peter and Paul ( Église Saints- Pierre -et -Paul ), after the complete destruction during the Second World War in 1955
Economy and infrastructure
Xousse is a typical Lorraine farm village. In the community there are five farms ( farming, dairy farming, cattle and pig ).
Through the community Xousse the trunk road Lagarde leads towards Ogéviller. Other roads connect the village with the communities Remoncourt and Vaucourt. In a twelve kilometer Marainviller is connected to the railway network (rail line between Paris and Strasbourg).