Xpuhil is the name of a pre-Columbian Maya archaeological site in the Mexican state of Campeche. It is characterized by the style, which is named after the 40 km southeast to Ruin Zone Rio Bec. The extensive ruins of Xpuhil zone consists of a large number of small groups of buildings, which are usually more or less regularly arranged around a courtyard. These groups are (not accessible) and in the immediate vicinity of the place partly on the western edge of the modern town Xpujil, on the grounds of the local military barracks. The groups I of Xpujil was found for the first time in 1933 by the American archaeologist Ruppert and Denison and described in detail .. The construction of the overland road MEX 186 ( opened in 1969 ), the ruins of tourism was developed. Since the late 1980s, archaeological excavation and restoration work was carried out and created a small archaeological park.
The most important building is typical of Xpuhil Rio Bec- palace with two slightly shifted rows of rooms, go outside their inputs according to the face side to the east. The two middle rooms jump back a little. The facade decor consisted of the characteristic of the Rio Bec style flat masks that the doors left and right are arranged in cascades. The main façade is of two of the typical stepped towers surmounted in whose stairs not climbable three large masks were used. The stairs led to apparent buildings on the tip, the non-functional doors were designed as a large snake mouth inputs. On either side were also two spaces behind each other while lying on the back, only two simple facilities. They were arranged on both sides of an unusual third tower, which is the best preserved of the three towers. Through the southern tower leads from south to north, a narrow, steep staircase that leads directly to the level of the no longer extant roof of the rooms. This property is located inside the massive towers stairs are a special feature of the Rio Bec style.
About 80 m east are more buildings. With No. II one facing east palace complex is called, which consists of five rooms. A little further on is building III, which is composed of several north-facing rooms. A few meters further east is building IV It consists of two parallel spaces on both sides of a pyramid-like substructure, a building located on the upper surface with three rooms. Heard more, heavily damaged buildings that were not exposed to this group.
As Xpuhil II is one of the previously mentioned different numbers 1,000 m further understood south, the central building was designated because of the decoration on its roof comb also known as " bird masks Temple ". Actually, it is here a palace with 18 rooms. The two very roughly composed of architectural elements bird masks are mounted on the roof ridge. The group Xpuhil II has not been uncovered so far ( only measures to stabilize the building entrance were carried out ), it is not publicly available.