Xubuntu is a Canonical Ltd.. published derivative of the Ubuntu operating system and is maintained by a free community. When Ubuntu is an open and free Linux distribution, which in turn is derived from Debian. Xubuntu uses the Xfce desktop environment, which is known for its stability and resource-saving way of working. Ubuntu, however, used as a desktop environment Unity.
The name of the distribution Ubuntu means in Zulu about " humanity" and refers to an African philosophy. Xubuntu here is a portmanteau of Xfce and Ubuntu.
The Xubuntu community is to be a part of the larger Ubuntu community that supports the ideals of the Ubuntu philosophy. The software should be available free of charge, software tools should be able to be used by people in their local language and despite any disabilities. The developers provide the following principles of their work:
- Xubuntu will always be free, it will not require any extra cost for paid versions. Anyone should be able to work on equal terms.
- Xubuntu exists in a variety of translations and impresses with its simple operation.
- Xubuntu is regularly developed and updated. A new version is released every six months and support for at least nine months.
- Xubuntu is entirely on the principles of open source software development and want to encourage people to use open source software, improve, and share.
Xubuntu offers its users already pre-installed programs. However, the selection of the standard programs differs in comparison to Ubuntu.
- Abiword - word processing
- Catfish - Desktop Search
- Common Unix Printing System - Printer Management
- Evince - PDF Reader
- Firefox - web browser
- GIMP - graphics program
- Gnumeric - spreadsheet
- Leafpad - text editor
- Orage - Calendar
- Parole - Media Player
- Pidgin - Instant Messenger
- Thunderbird - email client
- XChat - IRC
- Simple Scan - Scanner Accessories
Xubuntu also uses the Ubuntu Software Center, which allows all programs from the Ubuntu repositories provided by install a graphical user interface. Canonical tried thus the user mitzugeben a intuitive to use tool. Can thus be dispensed with first -to-learn terminal commands.
Xubuntu was first officially released on 1 June 2006 next Ubuntu version 6:06 Dapper Drake. The current version is currently 13:10 codenamed Saucy Salamander, which is detached from the LTS version 14:04 Trusty Tahr as the current version in April 2014. Currently, even the versions LTS Precise Pangolin 12:04, 12:10 and 13:04 Quantal Quetzal Raring Ringtail be officially upgraded with updates. LTS means here in this context, Long Term Support. These versions are much longer than the usual min. 9 -month life cycle of the distribution toward supplied with updates and security-related changes.
Xubuntu LTS 12:04
Xubuntu 12.04 is the most current Long Term Support version and is supported for a total of three years. This is in contrast to the LTS versions of Kubuntu and Ubuntu, have received a five-year support period.
The minimum system requirements are specified with 512 MB RAM and 4.4 GB of free hard disk space.
Xubuntu 13:10 is the current version and is supported for a total of 9 months. Due to the size of the installation file of 1 GB, the operating system from a USB stick or a DVD must be installed. For this version of Gnumeric and GIMP were again included as pre-installed programs, and eliminates many errors in Catfish and Parole. Also, the desktop theme Greybird was reissued and added new wallpapers. Furthermore, it is now included as part of the distribution and documentation.
For Xubuntu 13:10 the same system as for the version 12:04 is required.
Xubuntu LTS 14:04
The appearing in the April 2014 version 14:04 is published again as a Long Term Support version.
Xubuntu versions are released twice a year to coincide with Ubuntu. Thus Xubuntu also uses the same version numbers and names that consist of the release year and month. Xubuntu 6:06 was therefore published in June 2006.
Due inherited from Ubuntu comfort features the hardware requirements of the Xfce desktops are comparable with KDE or Gnome. This is the original advantage of the Xfce desktop environment, which has proven to be very energy efficient compared to the memory footprint, not exploited. An even more resource-efficient alternative, which is designed for older hardware, Lubuntu is with LXDE as desktop environment dar.