View from Fremersberg ( 524.6 m) to Yberg (center left) and located in the South Mountain Hornisgrinde ( 1163 m) in the background
The Yberg, also called Iberg, to the district of Baden -Baden (city circle) in Baden- Württemberg is a 514.5 m above sea level. NHN high mountain in the northern Black Forest. It is the site of the ruins Yburg.
Origin of the name
The name derives etymologically from Yberg iwa, ahd for yew, and from points to a growth with yew. They used the wood previously for the production of crossbows and bow.
The Yberg rises in the Black Forest Nature Park Central / North approximately 4.4 km (air line) southwest of the central city of Baden -Baden and separates them together with the adjacent north Fremersberg ( 524.6 m ) from the west to southwest of Ybergs lying Reblandgemeinden Varnhalt, Steinbach and Neuweier. To the north the landscape of Ybergs falls in the valley of the Green Bach with the located beyond Fremersberg from which drains through the sand creek and the Acher into the Rhine, south to that of Sandbach influx Steinbach with the lying beyond Schartenberg ( 527, 8 m) and by east-southeast in the valley in Schwarzwässerle with the beyond lying Iberst ( 586.3 m).
Nature Spatial allocation
The Yberg heard in the physiographic feature unit group Black Forest (No. 15), in the main unit Northern Talschwarzwald (152) and in the subunit Oos- Murg Heights ( 152.0 ) for natural area Baden -Baden quartz porphyry solid ( 152.03 ), with its western flank in the Middle Upper Rhine Lowland (21 ) within the Ortenau Buhler Foothills (212 ) in the natural environment Buhler Foothills ( 212.01 ) drops.
The upper part of each Ybergs and neighboring Iberst consists of volcanic rock (quartz porphyry ). The former volcano comes from the time of the Rotliegend, ie its lava froze here before about 299-251 million years ago.
The base area of the Ybergs and Iberst is even older. He was born in the Upper Carboniferous between 318-299 million years ago. The carbon is also known as coal -time, since coal seams are found. In the base area of the Yberg there were also smaller Kohleflözchen. After the discovery of the first Kohleflözchens in 1745 trials used a to promote the coal economically. However, the thickness of the coal seams was low and the work is very demanding. 1848, the last coal mining experiment was shut down.
On the slopes of Ybergs there is yet another deposit. It is the loess. Loess is a very young from the last Ice Age. Since the Rhine valley was largely in an ice age without vegetation, the wind was kicking up large amounts of dust. In the foothill of the Black Forest, the dust sat down again, as it was relatively calm here.
The Yberg is the ruins of the Yburg, a castle from the 12th century. From the castle tower you have a look at the Upper Rhine and the Vosges mountains in the west and the vineyards in the southwest. To the north one can see the Fremersberg, the Hardenberg and the Battert with the ruins of Castle Hohenbaden.
The Yberg with the Iburg Forest lies in the conservation area of Baden- Baden ( CDDA-Nr. 319750; 1981 83.9 km ²), of which the western and southern slopes of the mountain to the LSG Yberg in Bühl ( CDDA-Nr. 325971; 1940; 2.35 km ²) adjacent.
Transport and Hiking
North past the Yberg leads roughly northeast-southwest direction from Baden -Baden to Gallenbach, a district of Varnhalt, the national road 84a and south about in west-east direction of Neuweier the federal road 500 L 84 For example, in these streets beginning, one can discover the mountain.