Ycoden -Daute -Isora is a Spanish wine region.
The denomination of origin is located in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the extreme northwest part of the island of Tenerife. The status of a DO received the appellation on 9 March 1994. The DO includes vineyards in the municipalities of San Juan de la Rambla, La Guancha, Icod de los Vinos, Garachico, El Tanque, Los Silos, Buenavista del Norte, Santiago del Teide and Guía de Isora.
The name derives from the former were Guanche kingdoms Icod and Daute as well as the municipality of Guía de Isora. In the vineyards of Ycoden -Daute -Isora white wines are produced from Listán Blanco mainly. This vine covered almost 70 % of the vineyard. Viticulture is attested since the 16th century and Garachico was an important export port in the Canary Sack. At the time of William Shakespeare, the Canary- sack was already famous. In his comedy Twelfth Night Sir Tobias asks for a glass of this wine.
Other DO- appellations on the island of Tenerife are Abona, Tacoronte- Acentejo, Valle de Guimar, Valle de la Orotava
The total 1350 hectare wine region lies at an altitude 50-1400 MT Sea level. The plots are created extremely kleingliedrig.
The island of Tenerife was formed about seven to five million years ago by volcanic activity. In low-lying areas in the production area there are sandy soils, in the middle height range there is pumice and in the elevated part predominate soils with limestone.
Tenerife, like all other islands of the Canary archipelago year round mild temperatures due to the south of the horse latitudes arising northeast trade winds. Especially during the day saturated with sea water air rises up on Teide massif. It formed in about 1,000 to 1,200 meters altitude clouds that condense when in contact with the local bay and pine forests to a fine drizzle.
By this fact, exist in the wine region Ycoden -Daute -Isora diverse microclimates. Near the coast to a height of 550m outweighs a dry and dry climate. The vineyards at an altitude 550-1200 m (ie, up to the height of the clouds ) the climate is cooler and wetter. Above 1200 m the growing conditions are again dry. In cooler temperatures here mainly include temperature differences between day and night from clear and are the cultivation of structured white wines conducive. Light frost in the winter time is not unheard of at this level.
Some of the recommended varieties
- Red varieties: Listán Negro, Negramoll
- White varieties: Gual, Malvasia de Sitges, Verdello
Are permitted beyond
- Red varieties: Bastardo Negro, Malvasia rosada, Moscatel, Tintilla, Vijariego negro
- White varieties: Blanco Bastardo, Forastera Blanca, Listán Blanco, Marmajuelo, Moscatel, Pedro Jiménez, Sabro, Torrontés, Vijariego
During earlier than vine training the bush form ( locally called en vaso ) predominated, the winemakers tend now more likely to espalier, which is locally called en espaldera.