Ydes is a commune with 1822 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011 ) in the department of Cantal in the Auvergne region; it belongs to the administrative district Mauriac and Canton Saignes.
The municipality is located in the northwestern foothills of the Monts du Cantal massif, about 20 kilometers north-west of Riom- ès- Montagnes and 18 kilometers northeast of Mauriac, in the border area to the adjacent Correze region of Limousin. Neighboring communities of Ydes are:
- Madic in the north,
- Saignes in the east,
- Sauvat in the south,
- Bassignac in the southwest and
- Champagnac in the West.
The municipality is traversed from northeast to southwest from the river Sumene which further opens about 15 km in the upper reaches of the Dordogne. The department D922 road that runs from Mauriac to Clermont- Ferrand, opening up transport links the community.
Archaeological finds attest to a Gallo -Roman settlement with baths in the area of present-day hamlet Ydes -Bourg, which represented the capital of the municipality over long periods. In the 12th century, here is a Coming of the Knights Templar was built, the church today is in excellent condition and is a superb example of Romanesque art.
The market town of Bourg - Ydes remained largely a rural village, which lay in the shelter of the fortress Château du Châtelet, built in the 15th century.
With the industrial revolution, the incidence was high importance of coal in the municipality. If the reduction operated until then by very few people using traditional methods, the coal production was industrialized from the late 19th century. To this end, the hamlet of L' Hôpital was radically transformed into a lively and commercial driving small market town, which soon took over the function of the community center of Ydes -Bourg. After less than a century, coal was largely replaced by oil and closed the coal mines of Ydes due to lack of demand and insufficient quality in 1959. Workers' settlement, plants and transportation facilities are partially visible today. On the former railway line a tourist bike path ( piste Verte ) was applied.
Despite the decline of the coal mining Ydes is currently still dominated industry. The most important representatives are in furniture production ( Groupe Lapeyre ) and in the rubber industry for tires ( Sacatec industry) operates.
- Church Église Saint Georges from the 12th century in the hamlet Ydes -Bourg, Monument historique
- Fortress Château du Châtelet, tower of the 15th century, in the hamlet Montfouilloux
- Château de Trancis from the 19th century, in the hamlet Trancis, Monument historique
- Sant Joan les Fonts in Spain