Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko (Russian: Евгений Александрович Евтушенко, scientific transliteration Evgenij Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko; born July 18, 1932 in Nischneudinsk, Oblast Irkutsk / Siberia ) is a Russian poet and writer of the 20th century.
As the son of a geologist couple Yevtushenko was born in a remote location in Siberia and spent his early childhood with his grandmother in the nearby Sima. His father, the German -born Alexander Rudolfowitsch Gangnus, wrote poetry himself and gave the boy his early love of poetry.
In order to avoid reprisals because of the German -sounding name, the grandmother made sure that Yevgeny received his mother 's maiden name; also the date of birth was officially moved to 1933 to 1944 allow a move to Moscow.
Yevtushenko school was not very successful, he had to change due to truancy and various Aufsässigkeiten the middle school and eventually became the basis of a false accusation before reaching a conclusion reported as fifteen year old from school. He worked on his fourteenth year, first in a collective farm, then in a sawmill. 1948 and 1950 he took part in geological expeditions of his father in Kazakhstan and the Altai and returned to Moscow to become a poet. 1949 printed the magazine Soviet Sport his first poem. From then on, he became "the newspaper poet "; the obligatory lines about Stalin were included regularly in his works. His first book of poems published in 1952 scouts of the future was praised by the critics though, was the audience but with little success. Yevtushenko was included because of its publications, even without a degree in the Writers' Union and to the Moscow Gorky Literary Institute, where he used the study time to rethink his style and themes.
After various publications in the 50s, the breakthrough came with the audience in 1961 with the two poems Babi Yar ( Бабий Яр ), and Do you think the Russians want war? ( Хотят ли русские войны? ), Which was also set to music. At the same time Yevtushenko saw critical voices of the established Soviet culture industry exposed. Despite some repression - at times he lived in Pechora in northern Russia - but he was extremely productive and was internationally respected; his works were published in 72 languages. Labels such as " rebel poet ", " iconic figure of the 60s " and " Political Idol" or " politically unreliable " try to characterize him.
Already in the early years, Yevtushenko also dedicated himself to prose. His first novel The Fourth Meshchanskaya Street ( Четвертая Мещанская, a street in Moscow, from " мещанин " actually " petty bourgeois ", but also in the sense of " philistine " used) was published in the journal Junost 1959. His first novel, berry rich areas ( Ягодные места, in the Federal Republic under the title Where the berries ripen ) appeared at the beginning of the 80s.
His view of the change in the Soviet Union showed the published 1993 roman à clef Do not die before your time ( Не умирай прежде смерти ); an autobiographical work was published in 1989 under the title Wolf Fun ( Волчий паспорт ).
In both books there is an ( identical ) chapter, which is devoted to the events of the August coup in Moscow against Gorbachev. After Yevtushenko had been a member of parliament from 1988 to 1991, he was an eyewitness to the immediate defense of the White House - he was from the balcony of a poem, which was dedicated outside the demonstrating people on the street.
In addition to numerous awards in his own country he was awarded in 1999 as the first foreign poets the renowned American Walt Whitman Award. At American universities, he lectured from his textbook anthology of Russian poetry. In Italy, he was awarded the 2008 Premio d' Annunzio. The State Prize of the Russian Federation, he received in 2009.
The poet lives and works today (2010) in Moscow.
Appeared on German
- Poems. Translated by Walter Fischer, Schönbrunn - Verlag, Wien 1963.
- With me this has happened. Poems in 1963.
- The Hühnergott: two love stories. From d Russ. by Thomas Reschke, Verl culture and progress, Berlin ( GDR ) in 1966.
- The third memory. Poems, folk and world spectrum, Berlin 1970.
- Under the skin of the Statue of Liberty / The University of Kazan. Versdichtungen 1974, ISBN 3-455-03667-8.
- Poetry, prose, document. Munich 1979, ISBN 3-485-00300- X.
- Where the berries ripen. Novel, Vienna 1982, ISBN 3-552-03428-5 (BRD edition ) published as Beer empires areas Berlin, 1984 in the GDR.
- Mother and the neutron bomb. ( with Aljonna Moeckel, Klaus Moeckel, Pablo Picasso), Vienna 1984, ISBN 3-552-03626-1.
- The Hühnergott. Three love stories. Vienna, 1985, ISBN 3-552-03724-1.
- Fuku. Poem, Berlin 1987.
- Selected poems. Munich 1991, ISBN 3-257-20061-7.
- Heart strike. Collection of poems, Hamburg 1996, ISBN 3-203-78765-2.
- Do not die before your time. Novel, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-423-12282- X.
- The poems. A selection of the author. Munich 1997, ISBN 3-7951-1284-2.
- The wolf fun. Autobiography, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-353-01173-0.
- Ziolkowski said it well: " All our knowledge in the past, present and future is nothing compared to what we will never know ." That's not sad. This is beautiful. If there is the infinity of the unattainable, also has the knowledge hope to infinity. from: Beer empires areas