Ylämaa

Ylämaa [ ylæmɑ ː ] was until 2009 an independent municipality in southeastern Finland. It was formed in 1925 from parts of Säkkijärvi, January 1, 2010, the city of Lappeenranta was incorporated. Included the Kirchdorf Lahnajärvi as the administrative center and the surrounding villages Häsälä, Hujakkala, Hyttilä, Ihaksela, Kallola, Lavola Nurmela, Nutikka, Paakkala, Rumpu, Säämälä, Sirkjärvi, Timperilä, Väkevälä, Villala and Ylijärvi to Ylämaa. The municipality had a total area of ​​408.9 km ² and last 1,408 inhabitants. Well known is the area of their occurrence in rare gemstone Spektrolith.

History

By 1925 Ylämaa belonged to the municipality Säkkijärvi, today Kondratjewo in the Russian Leningrad Oblast. The name Ylämaa ( Finnish for " human rights") refers to the opposite which is situated on the coast south Säkkijärvis elevated position.

The boundaries of the municipality in 1944 after the defeat of Finland in the Continuation War redefined when Finland ceded a large part of Karelia to the Soviet Union and Ylämaa so became a border community. The new, drawn with a ruler border between the two states was obliquely through the districts of Ylämaa and its neighboring communities Säkkijärvi and Vahviala. Ylämaa even lost a 12 km ² large area of ​​the village Timperilä. Almost all Säkkijärvi and Vahviala (today Jaschino ) the Soviet Union were slammed shut and evacuated the population to Finland. Only the far north of the two municipalities, including the villages Väkevälä and Häsäla, remained in Finland and in 1946 divided between the municipalities Ylämaa Miehikkälä and Lappee.

The coat of arms of the former municipality Ylämaa was designed by Olof Eriksson heraldist. The blazon is: in Green by fir rice section shared a silver shield main.

Spektrolithabbau

When lifting from positions of Salpalinie, a fastening system on the Soviet border, 1941 Spektrolithvorkommen were discovered in Ylämaa. The Spektrolith or Labradorite is a very rare type of Feldspatgesteine ​​, an anorthosite. Only the noble feldspar of Ylämaa shimmers in all colors of the spectrum, is called Spectrolite. In the 40s and 50s of the 20th century, the planned reduction began this gem, which represented the main livelihood of the community in addition to agriculture. 2009 was roughly half of the registered instance in Ylämaa enterprise engaged in the production or processing of the mineral. Even as a tourist attraction, the gemstone deposits are marketed. So there is a " gem village" ( Jalokivikylä ) with a gemstone, shops with sales exhibitions and an attached gem museum is planned to build a 30-50 meter high pyramid made ​​of granite. Every year the end of June there will be a gem fair.

de