Yā ʾ ياء is the 28th letter of the Arabic alphabet. It was derived from the Phoenician iodine and thus related to the Latin I ( and hence J), the Greek Iota and the Hebrew iodine. He is assigned the value 10.
Phonetic value and inscription
Ya is one of the two semi- consonants of Arabic. Depending on the word it stands for a consonant or serves the Vokallängung.
- When the consonant Ya corresponds to the J in " Julius " and the " Y " in " yacht". It is reproduced in the DMG romanization with "y";
- As a sign of the Vokallängung Ya stands for the closed ( = "long") I like " Ida ", as elongation of the short i ( Kasra ). It is in the DMG romanization then as the " i " with a line over it reproduced ( ī ).
Furthermore, Ya serve as a carrier for the vowel Hamza, but it is written without diacritical points.
In some Arab countries, the diacritical points of Ya are often omitted. This can however lead to confusion with the Alif maqsura.
In Persian and many derived from the Persian version of the Arabic alphabet writing systems Ya is written regular way without points. Among other things, the Uighur alphabet and in the Pashtun writing these two variants differ phonetically. In addition, some Arabic alphabets know more variants of the Ya.
Ya in Unicode
If Ya should always be written at the end without points, the following code must be used:
Basic Alphabet: ا (Alif ) · ب ( Bā ʾ ) · ت ( Tā ʾ ) · ث (ta ʾ ) · ج ( Ǧīm ) · ح (ha ʾ ) · خ (ha ʾ ) · د ( DAL) · ذ ( DAL) · ر (ra ʾ ) · ز ( zay ) · س (sin ) · ش (sin ) · ص (SAD) · ض (DAD ) · ط (ta ʾ ) · ظ ( Za ʾ ) · ع ( ʿ Ain) · غ ( gAIN) · ف (fa ʾ ) · ق ( qaf ) · ك ( Kāf ) · ل ( Lām ) · م ( Mim ) · ن ( Nun) · ه (ha ʾ ) · و ( Waw ) · ي ( ya ʾ )
Additional sign: ء ( hamza ) · آ ( Madda ) · ة ( Tā ʾ marbuta ) · ى ( alif maqsura ) · لا ( Lām Alif )
Vowels: fatha Kasra · · · damma sukun · · Tašdīd Wasla
Extensions: پ (Pe ) · چ ( Czech ) · ژ (PA) · گ ( Gaf ) · ڭ ( NEF) · ڤ (Ve) · ۋ (Ve)
- Arabic Script