The Yokohama Line (横 浜 线Japanese, Yokohama - sen) is a railway line of the JR East in the Japanese prefectures of Tokyo and Kanagawa. It connects the cities of Yokohama and Hachioji about Machida ( Naruse, Machida, Aihara ) and Sagamihara ( Kobuchi - Hashimoto ).
- 3.1 intermediate stations
- 3.2 Higashi- Kanagawa
- 3.3 Hashimoto
- 3.4 Aihara
- 3.5 Hachioji
Opening and expansion until the Second World War
The line was opened on 23 September 1908 by the private tetsudō Yokohama (横 浜 鉄 道), 1910 leased to the Imperial State Railways in 1917 and nationalized. Because of its location near the head office and the relatively low volume of traffic, the line was used as a test track. 1917 here, the possibility was investigated to convert the entire national rail network to standard gauge in 1925 was a tentative electrification in order to gain experience for the conversion of the Tōkaidō Main Line electrified.
The electrification for control operation was performed in two sections. First, the electrical operation between Higashi- Kanagawa and Haramachida was 1932 ( today Machida ) was added. In 1941 the remaining portion to Hachioji.
On 14 February 1926, the Toyoko Line Yokohama tetsudō of Tōkyō ( Tōkyō today kyuko Dentetsu ) was opened. The new route was linked to the Yokohama line in Kikuna station, where a transfer possibility arose. In 1931, the Sagami Line Hashimoto, where the line was threaded into the existing station reached.
On April 4, 1941, the intermediate station Samigahara was put into operation.
Development after the Second World War
The expansion of the railway was continued even after the Second World War. On 20 December 1947, the Oguchi station was opened in 1957 followed the Katakura station.
On 1 October 1964, the Shin- Yokohama station was put into operation.
The extension to two-track operation began in 1967 between Shin- Yokohama and Kikuna. Throughout the route is double track with the expansion of the section Aihara only since 1988 - Hachioji.
Further extensions were made with the conversion in 1989 of the stations Katakura and Kikuna to riders stations. In 1997, the station Hachioji - Minamino was reopened as the most recent new station.
One third of the trains of the Yokohama line runs through Higashi- Kanagawa addition to and from Yokohama. Some features of the Sagami Line ride from Hashimoto on continue to Hachioji.
All stations on the line are designed as a through station. The smaller stations are equipped with a platform in each direction. In Kobuchi, Sagamihara, Aihara, Hachioji - Minamino and Katakura outer platforms are available, central platforms git Oguchi, Kikuna, Kamoi, Nakayama, Tōkaichiba, Naruse and Fuchinobe. The stations Kozukue, Kamoi, Nakayama, Machida, Hashimoto and the endpoints of the segment are equipped with passing loops.
The Higashi- Kanagawa Station was newly built for the Yokohama Line at the existing Keihin - Tohoku Line towards Ofuna and Kawasaki. The platforms of the Yokohama line and a parking area for railcars are in the southwestern part of the station.
The construction of the station Hashimoto was not included in the original plans. He was opposed due to a Bürgerbegehens only 1.9 km from Aihara Station. The JR Station Hashimoto has a passenger station with five tracks, which are used by three platforms from. In the station since 1931, ending the Sagami line from the direction of Chigasaki. The current station building dates from the year 1980. Since 1990 Hashimoto is also the end point of the Keio Sagamihara Line Dentetsu. The new station part has two tracks with a central platform in the form of a rider station. The tracks run from the station to the depot on the Samigahara line.
Aihara refers to a region that is in today's cities Machida and Sagamihara. The station is located in the district of Aihara Aihara of the village in the district of Sakai Minamitama (now Machida ) and also moved into the neighboring village in the district Aihara Koza (now Sagamihara ). Until the new building in 2003, the product derived from the 1934 station building was the oldest building in Yokohama line in timber.
In Hachioji is connection to the Chūō Line, the Chūō Main Line direction Toyoda and Nishi- Hachioji and Hachikō Line to Kita- Hachioji. For the construction of the Yokohama line of existing since 1889 station of Chūō Main Line was extended.
For 2006, the following guests numbers are known: