Yokosuka (Japanese横须贺 市, - shi) is a city in Japan, located in Kanagawa Prefecture.
1063 built Muraoka Tamemichi the castle Kinugasa at the location of Yokosuka is today. He later took the name Miura. The castle fell in 1187 at the Battle of Kinugasa in the osuke Yoshiaki Miura also died.
Hōjō Tokiyori defeated in 1247 the Miura, but members of the Sawara family took over this surname and allied themselves with the Hōjō.
From 1253 Nichiren taught in this area.
1518 the Miura were wiped out at the castle by attacking Hōjō Arai souns.
1590 took over Tokugawa Ieyasu at the behest of Toyotomi Hideyoshi control of the Kantō region, including Yokosuka.
The adventurer William Adams reached in 1600 on board the Liefde Uraga and became the first Briton Japan. 1612 were given to him because of his service to the Shogun of the title of a samurai and a fief in Hemi, which is now within the city limits Yokosuka. A monument to Adams is still visible in Yokosuka today.
1720 established the Tokugawa shogunate in Uraga a Magistracy (浦 贺 奉行 所Uraga bugyōsho ) a. To the bay of Edo, today's Tokyo Bay to defend, an outpost was built in 1842 in Otsu Cities.
1853 reached U.S. naval officer Matthew Perry with his black ships of Tokyo Bay and landed near the present-day Yokosuka on.
1865, the iron foundry was built in Yokosuka. The French engineer Léonce Verny spent the next ten years for the supervision of shipbuilding facilities.
In Yokosuka Japan 's first modern shipyard was built. The construction of the shipyard has been a focal point of a comprehensive, modern infrastructure for the modernization of Japanese industry. Later, other modern buildings such as the Hashirimizu channel, foundries, brick kilns and schools followed the training of Japanese technicians.
1876, the villages of Uraga and Yokosuka were merged into the municipality of Yokosuka, which in 1907 was merged with the municipality of the city of Yokosuka Toyoshima.
Yokosuka was one of the major shipyards of the Imperial Japanese Navy, the battleships Yamashiro and as the aircraft carrier as the Hiryu and Shokaku were built. Furthermore, were constructed here naval aircraft.
1923 Mikasa was established as a museum ship. It is the only surviving precursor of dreadnought battleships.
Between 1938 and 1945 more than 260 caves were built in more than 20 separate tunnel networks under the entire naval base. The known size of these networks is 27 miles and many more are distributed in Yokosuka and the surrounding area. During the war, these tunnels were used to work on secret projects and as an air raid shelter. Among the facilities in the tunnels were a hospital with 500 beds, a power plant, a factory for mini- submarines and a warehouse. The living in the tunnels staff was 800 people. That every naval base had to dig their own tunnels, contributed to the unorganized construction of the tunnel system. 1992, all known tunnel were inspected and all sealed for security up to 3, which are still in use. Today is the base, which is the largest of its kind in Japan, used by the U.S. Navy and the Japanese Self-Defense Forces.
- Museum Ship Mikasa
- The aircraft carrier USS George Washington ( CVN -73) here has its home port
- Perry Park
- Dobuita Alley
- Street: National road 16, direction Hachioji, Saitama and Chiba
- National road 134 direction Oiso
- JR Yokosuka Line, Tokyo and Chiba direction
- Keikyu line, direction Yokohama and Shinagawa
- United States Corpus Christi, United States, since October 18, 1962
- France Brest, France, since November 26, 1970
- Australia Fremantle, Australia, since April 25, 1979
- United Kingdom Gillingham, United Kingdom, since August 26, 1998
- Japan Aizu Wakamatsu -, Japan, since April 17, 2005
Adjacent Cities and Towns
Sons and daughters of the town
- Junichiro Koizumi ( 87th, 88th and 89th Prime Minister of Japan from 2001 to 2006 )
- Hideto Matsumoto ( guitarist of the band X Japan)
- Hitoshi Ashinano ( mangaka )
- Rika Ishikawa ( singer )
- Shinjiro Koizumi ( politician)
Yokosuka is the venue of the famous Sega game Shenmue.