Yquelon is a commune with 1036 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011) in the department of Manche in Basse-Normandie region. It belongs to the arrondissement Avranches, in the canton of Granville and the community association Pays granvillais.
Yquelon is just east of Granville, a small coastal town on the Gulf of Saint- Malo, a few kilometers north of Mont -Saint -Michel. The community in the predominantly flat hinterland of the coast, despite the old village core character of a suburb - the transitions to the neighboring communities of Longueville in the north, Anctoville -sur- Boscq in the east, Saint- Planchers the southeast, Granville in the south and southwest, and Donville -les- Bains in the northwest are partially blurred. The flat terrain of only 2.14 km ² large municipality is determined by fields and meadows, as well as settlement and traffic areas; Forest areas are missing, with the exception of riparian forest remnants in the valley of Boscq, a nearly 18 -kilometer-long coastal river, which forms the northern boundary of the parish and joins the English Channel in the near Granville.
To Yquelon include the districts and hamlets Le Manoir, Le Taillais and La Lande,
The name Yquelon is of Scandinavian origin and means something like oak branch. He emerged as Ikelum the first time in 1162 on a document. About Hiquelon, Ikelon and Ichelon the notation from 1280 to the present Yquelon developed.
As early as 1022 gave Richard II, Duke of Normandy, the monastery of Mont -Saint- Micheldie parish Yquelon with their lands, which was then part of the Deanery Saint-Pair in the Archdiocese of Coutances and part of the barony of Saint-Pair -sur -Mer had.
From 1907 to 1935, Yquelon a breakpoint on the railway line between Granville Sourdeval or after Condé- sur- Vire.
After a designation of new building areas and the associated expansion of the water and wastewater network from 1982, the settlement area in Yquelon advanced significantly. As part of this expansion, the industrial areas on the Route de Villedieu and the Avenue de l'Europe created.
The Romanesque church of Saint-Pair dates from the second half of the 12th century. It has a chalice from the 18th century and a painting from 1743, on which the angels of a winning Saint Catherine is shown.
Economy and infrastructure
In Yquelon there is next to farms numerous craft and service companies as well as small and medium-sized industrial enterprises (including a furniture factory. ). In recent years, tourism became increasingly important. The proximity to the sandy beaches along the English Channel and the relative proximity to the Greater Paris ( 285 kilometers ) originated many guest houses and hotels, their prices are much more moderate than in direct coastal environment. In addition, many Berliners in Yquelon and environment have second or holiday homes.