The district YSR, Kadapa district by 2010 (older spelling Cuddapah ) is a district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Administrative center is the city of Kadapa. On 8 July 2010, the district ( YSR ) was established in honor of the same year fatally injured YS Rajasekhara Reddy Government renamed in YSR District.
The district Kadapa has been inhabited for a long time. The oldest traces of human settlement date back to pre-Christian times. In the region alternated centuries numerous dynasties in the rule from. The district in its present form was created as a British administrative district Cuddapah by the separation of Bellary in the year 1808. During the colonial period it belonged to the Madras Presidency. From this arose after the independence of the same State. As the state Madras was ethnically mixed, the Telugu inhabitant of that state wanted a union of all residents of India Telugu in its own state. In 1953 the state of Andhra originated from eleven former districts of Madras. In 1956 he had the telugusprachige part of the State of Hyderabad, and it was what we today the state of Andhra Pradesh.
The district lies in the central south of Andhra Pradesh. Its northern borders forms of Kurnool District. In the northeast it borders on the district of Prakasam, on the east by the district of Nellore, on the south by the district of Chittoor and on the west by the district of Anantapur.
The district has an area of 15,379 km ². 5003 km ² is covered by forest; this represents 32.6 percent of the total area of the district. The South West is a highland with more moderate temperatures. The rest of the district consists of a fertile lowland.
The main rivers are the Pennar and its tributaries. These include the most important of Cheyyair, the Chitravati, the Kundu, the Papagni and Sagileru.
The climate of the district is characterized by hot summer and in general dry except during the monsoon season. March to May is the summer time with a severe drought and high temperatures. The southwest monsoon from the second week of June until the second week of October brings the most plentiful rain. The northeast monsoon subsequent to the end of December brings somewhat lower, but still significant amounts of rain. During the months of January and February is winter with cooler temperatures. The long-term average rainfall is only 700 mm per year. The southwest monsoon brings 394 mm and 251 mm of the northeast monsoon. Otherwise falls only a little rain. This leads to dehydration of the cultivated land in the dry season, which runs from January to Mai. The coldest month is January ( average 22.01 ° C; daily minimum 17 ° C; -maximum 27 ° C), the warmest May (average 30.64 ° C; minimum 24 ° C, maximum 37 ° C). During the monsoon season there is a humidity of up to 80 percent. This falls in the dry season to 30 percent.
The majority of the working population is employed in agriculture. Main crops are sunflower, peanuts, rice, citrus fruits, cotton and vegetables. The industry plays a minor role in addition to agriculture. In addition to cement factories, there are mainly companies in the stone processing. The district has many raw materials such as asbestos, barite, limestone, clay and the " Cuddapah Stone", a black limestone, which is used in building construction throughout South India.
At the last census 2011 2.884.524 inhabitants were counted. Of these, 1,454,136 were men ( 50.4 percent) and 1,430,388 women. 2001 belonged to the Dalit 409 492 ( 15.7 percent), the Adivasi 61 371 ( 2.4 per cent ) people. 2011 lived 983 736 persons ( 34.10 percent of the total number of inhabitants ) in urban areas. Thus still live almost 2 out of 3 residents in the country. The vast majority of the population of the district of YSR speaks Telugu as their mother tongue. In the whole district there are 1,225 inhabited villages.
Population of the district according to confessions
The inhabitants profess clear majority to Hinduism. Significant religious minorities are the Muslims with almost 15 per cent and to a lesser extent the Christians over 1 percent of the population. The exact religious composition of the population shows the following table:
As elsewhere in India, the population grew in the district of YSR decades strongly. The increase was between the last two censuses, only 10.87 per cent, but is still significant in absolute terms. From 2001 to 2011, the population increased by more than 280,000 people. The exact figures illustrated by the following diagram:
Strongest town inhabitants of the district is Proddutur with more than 150,000 residents. Another major city is the capital of Kadapa. Other major cities with over 50,000 inhabitants are Rayachoti and Chinnachawk.
The district comprises 51 Mandals and 876 Kadapa management communities. Overall, there are well over a thousand villages and hamlets.
The district is also divided into three control areas. These are:
The district is one of many interesting temples and forts. In the Seshachalam hills there is a National Park, where you can watch wild animals.