Ystad [ ʏstɐ ] or [y ː ˌ stɑ ː d ʰ ] ( German, obsolete: Ystadt, Danish, obsolete: Ysted ) is a city in the southern Swedish province of Skåne County and the historic province of Skåne on the Swedish south coast. The city is the capital of the municipality of the same name.
The Danish name Ysted 1244 was first mentioned in the annals Lunder, but the metropolitan area has been inhabited earlier. The origins of the main church in the city of St. Mary's Church ( St. Maria kyrka ), date from the beginning of the 13th century. The monastery was founded in 1258 Ystad of the Franciscans ( Gråbröderklostret ) St. Peter is one of the best preserved medieval monasteries in Sweden and now houses the town museum. In the old town many half-timbered houses from the 17th and 18th centuries have been preserved. Formed the economic basis for the development of the town, the fishing and trading of herring, their occurrence in the southern Baltic had enormous proportions in the late Middle Ages, around 1500, however, suddenly drastically decreased.
1936, Ystad Art Museum was founded.
From Ystad ferry connections to the Danish island of Bornholm and the Polish Unity Line from Świnoujście ( Swinoujscie ). Ystad is a stop of the railway line Malmo Tomelilla Simrishamn, via the direct connections to Copenhagen exist to connect the Bornholm ferry with the capital and the Danish rail network. Furthermore, there is a major bus service to the port of Trelleborg, Sassnitz ferry connections to exist from where on Rügen, Rostock and Lübeck- Travemünde.
Ystad as a place of pilgrimage for crime fans
Ystad was known by the playing there crime novels by Henning Mankell Kurt Wallander with Europe as the fictional protagonist. All squares, streets and restaurants that are mentioned in the books exist in reality, such as the house Wallander in Mariagatan 10, a simple building made of red brick. For this reason, Ystad became a popular place of pilgrimage for Mankell reader since the early 1990s.
In the center of town is the St. Mary's Church. East thereof is the Old Town Hall. In the northern part of the town is today used as a museum monastery Ystad. Another museum is the Kunstmuseum Ystad is worth mentioning.
- Located northwest of Ystad, the Church of Bjäresjö is from the 12th century with interesting wall paintings.
- To the northeast lies Örups Stenhus, one of the oldest castles in Scania. It was built around 1490 and has similarity to Glimmingehus.
- To the east of Ystad, in Valleberga, the only preserved round church stands in Scania in the 12th century. It has the same layout as the Danish round churches on Bornholm. The baptismal font made of Gotland stonemason named Majestatis.
- South-east of Ystad is situated on the coast, the ship setting Ales stenar.
- Further east, in Backåkra, had the UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld (1905-1961) his house, which is open as a museum today.
- East of the town lies the for its fine, white sand beach area known Sandhammaren.
- Glimmingehus (begun in 1499 ), located slightly inland, is one of the best preserved castles in the country.
- Northwest of the city lies the zoo Ystad.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Anna Q. Nilsson (1888-1974), actress
- Ernst- Hugo Järegård (1928-1998), actor
- Ivar Jacobson ( born 1939 ), computer
- Robert Hedin (born 1966 ), handball players
- Robert Andersson (born 1969 ), handball players and handball coach
- Lykke Li ( born 1986 ), singer
- Jim Gottfridsson (* 1992), handball players