- Mir EO -16 Soyuz TM -19 ( 1994)
- ISS Expedition 7
- ISS Expedition 16
Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko (Russian Юрий Иванович Маленченко, scientific transliteration Yuri Ivanovich Malenčenko; born 22 December 1961 Switlowodsk, Location Kirovohrad, Ukrainian SSR, USSR ) is a Russian cosmonaut of Ukrainian descent. He is the first man who married in space.
Malenchenko went into Switlowodsk on the primary and secondary school. Then he attended the Higher Military Aviation School "Sergei Gretsewets ", which he completed in 1983 in Kharkov. The next few years he served in the Soviet air force pilot and squadron commander in the Odessa region.
In March 1987 Malenchenko was elected to the late Soviet cosmonaut squad. He moved to Moscow and began in December in " Star City " basic training, which he finished in the summer of 1989 as a test cosmonaut.
His first flight occurred Malenchenko specific training in January 1993, when he was preparing for the role of the second backup commander of Soyuz TM -17. He paid for the military academy for engineers of the Air Force, " Prof. Visit " NJ Zhukovsky, where he was successfully trained to Tactical Officer.
Mir EO -16
As of February 1994, finally Malenchenko was placed under the Soyuz TM -19 crew. The mission of the 16th resident crew with Malenchenko and Musabayev Mir space station began in early July 1994 and lasted four months. In early September led Malenchenko by the first manually controlled coupling of a Progress cargo spaceship and a few days later left the two Mir space station for the driver twice together eleven hours. As early October the detachment arrived, they had the German Ulf Merbold on board. For him, it was his third flight. He lived and worked a month and then I returned with Malenchenko and Musabayev.
In November 1994 Malenchenko was awarded by a decree of the then Russian President, Boris Yeltsin, the award Hero of the Russian Federation.
Malenchenko began in October 1998 with the training for his second spaceflight. STS -101 was a mission of the Space Shuttle and should be carried out in autumn 1999. Malenchenko was assigned as a mission specialist on the crew and therefore traveled to the USA to Houston in Texas. In early 2000, NASA announced on the tasks and the crew of flight STS -101: STS- 106 was lifted out of the baptism and put three astronauts of the old Mission ( Malenchenko, Morukow, Lu) on STS -106. With these two flights, one after the other directly performed at an interval of four months, the International Space Station ( ISS) should be prepared quickly for access to his first occupation. During his second flight in September 2000 Malenchenko rose together with Lu on the third day for six hours to lay cable and install an instrument boom.
ISS Expedition 7
After Malenchenko and Lu had worked together on STS -106 as effectively, the management decided to appoint the duo for long-term use on the ISS. Since January 2001, they prepared the two astronauts before their flight as ISS Expedition 7. With Soyuz TMA-2 they journeyed end of April 2003 to the ISS. Originally another spaceman had ( only Sergei Moschtschenko, then Alexander Kaleri ) are part of the crew, and all three should be brought with STS -114 to the ISS. When, after the misfortune of Columbia temporarily the space shuttle flights have been exposed to the ISS in February 2003, they had reduced all the following master crews on two people, to save resources, and was forced to perform all shuttle flights by Soyuz rocket. Malenchenko commander and flight engineer Lu remained six months aboard the space station and returned in October 2003 with the Soyuz spacecraft back to Earth.
ISS Expedition 16
Malenchenko was Flight Engineer of ISS Expedition 16, which was officially appointed in February 2007. The launch took place on 10 October 2007 with Soyuz TMA- 11th The landing took place on April 19, 2008 after 192 days also take place with Soyuz TMA -11.
ISS Expeditions 32 and 33
Malenchenko resigned on 27 July 2009 from the Cosmonaut Corps, but returned on 9 February 2010 back. He was in the reserve team for Soyuz TMA- 03M, whose launch took place in late 2011. On July 15, 2012 Malenchenko started as commander of the spaceship Soyuz TMA- 05M to the ISS. When he switch to the ISS on July 17, 2012, he was only the third space travelers and of this, the first Russian who visited the station for the fourth time. He worked there as a Flight Engineer of ISS Expeditions 32 and 33 on 19 November 2012, he returned with Sunita Williams and Akihiko Hoshide back to earth. With over 641 days, he was thus at # 7 on the spaceman with the longest total time in space.
Malenchenko is remarried and has a daughter from this relationship. From his first marriage he has a son.
During his long stay on the ISS Yuri Malenchenko married on August 10, 2003 his then 26- year-old woman Ekaterina. He is the first man who married in space. His wife was at the wedding in an auditorium of the Johnson Space Center ( JSC) in Houston. Between the ISS in 380 km altitude and the JSC a video link was activated. Ed Lu acted as best man and played on a keyboard the wedding march.