Zaachila is a ruined city of the Zapotecs and Mixtecs in the Valley of Oaxaca in southern Mexico.
The original name of the place is unknown. The name was chosen after a Zaachila Zapotec rulers with names Zaachila Yoo, who is said to have ruled in the period around 1400.
The history of pre-Hispanic settlement is unclear - while some researchers suggest their beginnings in the 11th or 12th century, others advocate an even later, possibly Mixtec or even Aztec origin; However, the latter seems unlikely because of the clearly discernible relationship to Mitla. In general, one assumes, however, that the place was only established after the abandonment of Monte Alban ( around 1000 AD ).
Since many hill structures ( mounds ) are in the range of the present city, the excavations have not yet progressed very far - about the architecture of the settlement thus little is known. Only one of the hill with a palace ruins enclosed by space, in which two palatial princely graves Zapotec origin have been introduced, is exposed and accessible to visitors.
Monitor with skull
Monitor with turtle shell