Zdice ( German Zditz, also Zdic ) is a city in the Czech Republic. It is located nine kilometers southwest of Beroun at Cerveny Potok and belongs to Okres Beroun.


Zdice located at the foot of the 368 meter high Knihov common in the valley of the creek and Cerveny Litavka that forms the natural border between the Brdywald and the Pürglitzer forest here. Above the town of Stroupinský creek flows to the Cerveny Potok, which combines below the Knihov with the Litavka.

On the southern edge of the city building runs along the creek Cerveny the route of the D5 motorway, the exit is named after the neighboring community Bavoryně. The motorway route separates the city from the area between Cerveny Potok and Litavka colony U nádrazí, in which also the train station and the commercial areas are located. In Zdice the railways of Beroun branch Rokycany and Pribram.

Neighboring towns are Král, Svatá and Czernin in the north, Trubín, Levin, Počaply, Karlova Huť and Popovice in the northeast, Slavíky, Tmaň and Lounín in the east, Chodouň in the south, and Stašov Bavoryně in the southwest and Knížkovice and Hředle in the West.


Zdice was probably created in 1039 as part of the colonization of the territories west of Prague under Břetislav. The first documentary evidence dates from the year 1148 as Děpold on a homestead by Zdice the insurgent Soběslav II captured. Zdice belonged from the 13th century the bishopric of Prague and was a customs station. At that time, was probably built on the church.

Wenceslas II Zdice snatched from the spiritual possession and divided the city in 1302 the estates of the royal city of Beroun. After the construction of the castle Karlstejn Charles IV ordered Zdice 1357 rule to Karlstejn. Later Zdice became the possession of the Bohemian Court Chamber. On October 16, 1424 Bohemian Catholics from Žebrák and Utraquist from Beroun met at today's Town Hall negotiator for ceasefire negotiations, the result of which the ceasefire was extended to a further hearing in Kourim.

Emperor Sigismund finally arranged Zdice to the rule Tocnik. During this time the survey was carried out to the market and 1607 Zdice was part of the chamber rule Králův Dvůr to which it belonged until the abolition of patrimonial regimes in 1848.

In 1806, the mine Theresa on the operation, this was followed by other iron ore mine. 1850, the sugar factory Skally & Macháčka was founded. In the second half of the 19th century settled after recording of traffic on the Bohemian Western Railway in 1862 industrial enterprises at. After the inauguration of the first section of the Rakonitz - Protivíner train Zdice became the important rail junction in West Bohemia. On May 6, 1872 Zdice was raised to the market town.

On November 17, 1939 assassination was perpetrated on the Wehrmacht courier Joseph Altmeyer in Zditz. About the area martial law was imposed and interned during investigations all 800 male inhabitants aged 16 and 60 for three days and the shooting every tenth threatened. After it was determined with Josef Pilát from Hředle the culprit, the action was completed.

1965 mining was stopped in Zdice. Since 1 July 1994 Zdice is a city.

Local structure

The city Zdice consists of the districts Czernin ( Tschernin ) Knížkovice ( Knischkowitz ) and Zdice ( Zditz ). The municipality is divided into the Katastralbezirke Czernin u Zdic, Knížkovice and Zdice. Basic settlement units are Czernin, Knížkovice, and Zdice Zdice - u nádrazí.


  • Baroque Church of the Nativity of Mary, the original Gothic church Alba Ecclesia from the 13th century received its present shape in the years 1747 to 1749
  • Town Hall, originally serving as Ausspanne and to 1735 Gothic building dates back to the Middle Ages and has a medieval vaulted cellar. His classical façade it received in the second half of the 18th century. By 1810, it served as a post office was then to use as a city hall in 1951 an inn.


Sons and daughters of the town

  • Cosmas of Prague (1045-1125), chronicler
  • Václav Rosa ( 1630/31-1689 ), linguist, poet and lawyer
  • Karel Prokš (1851-1898), sugar manufacturer and inventor
  • Marie Gärtnerová (1877-1965), opera singer, dancer, professor and music educator
  • Schöbl Otto (1877-1938), physician and bacteriologist, Professor of Bacteriology at the University of Tokyo
  • Vilém Kreibich (1884-1955), painter
  • Vladimír Polivka (1893-1938), Slovak educator, professor, and politician

In Zdice lived and worked

  • Joseph Borel (1801-1874), the priest and composer in Zdice, where he worked until his death in 1835 chaplain and pastor from 1846.
  • Josef Poncar (1902-1986), folk music composer and conductor
  • Vladimír Kadlec (1912-1998), the teacher, principal and author grew up in Zdice, where his father worked as an engine driver