Zedekiah Kidwell (* January 4, 1814 in Fairfax, Virginia, † April 27, 1872 in Fairmont, West Virginia ) was an American politician. From 1853 to 1857 he represented the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.
After a good training Zedekiah Kidwell studied medicine. In 1834 he moved with his father to Clarksburg in what is now West Virginia, where he worked as a teacher and store clerk. He then continued at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia continued his medical studies. Between 1839 and 1849 he practiced as a doctor in Fairfax County; then moved to Fairmont. After studying law and his 1849 was admitted as a lawyer, he began to work in this profession. At the same time he proposed as a member of the Democratic Party launched a political career. Between 1842 and 1845 he was a member of the House of Representatives from Virginia. In 1849 he took part in a constitutional convention of his state as a delegate. In the years 1849, 1850 and 1852 he was again a member of the House of Representatives.
In the congressional elections of 1852 Kidwell was in the tenth constituency of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Charles J. Faulkner on March 4, 1853. After a re-election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1857 two legislative sessions. These were shaped by the events leading up to the Civil War. In 1856 he gave up another Congress candidate.
Between 1857 and 1860 Kidwell was a member of the State Committee for Public Works in Virginia. During the Civil War he held a local civilian office in Richmond. Otherwise, he practiced as a doctor again. Zedekiah Kidwell died on April 27, 1872 in Fairmont.