Zell am See District
The political district of Zell am See is congruent with the Pinzgau, one of the five districts of the Austrian province of Salzburg. The name comes from the Pinzgau sooner along the yet unregulated Salzach occurring rushes. To the east of the district is bordered to the Pongau, on the west by the province of Tyrol, Germany in the north and in the south from west to east to South Tyrol ( Italy), East Tyrol and Carinthia. The district of Zell am See is the area after the third largest district in Austria.
In the year 923 the counties of upper, middle and lower Pinzgau be mentioned in documents. First part of the state of Bavaria, in the Pinzgau region was from 1328 to 1803 under the rule of the prince archbishops. After the Pinzgau stood for a short time from 1810 Bavarian administration, he came in 1816 with Salzburg Upper Austria. With the emergence of a separate crown land Salzburg in 1848 was the publication of a state constitution that introduced a new system of state administration and the introduction of the Municipal Code with it. The District Commission until 1854 housed in Saalfelden 1850 and then came back to Zell am See.
Geography and transport
Landscape comprises of Pinzgau the catchment areas of the upper Salzach ( from Gerlos Pass to the confluence of the Gastein Ache ) and the upper Saalachstrasse (of Saalbach -Hinterglemm to the German border on the stone pass). The Saalachstrasse flows after leaving the Glemm an extending in a north-south direction, the upper Salzach Valley towards open basin, in which the district capital of Zell am See are located in the south and the town of Saalfelden in the north. In Maishofen, located between these two cities, the watershed between the Saalachstrasse located (757 m above sea level here ) and only three and a half kilometers away, south to the Salzach River draining Lake Zell (750 m above sea level ) is less than ten meters above the Saalachstrasse.
Since the Pinzgau borders north of Lofer in Germany as well as on the main Alpine ridge ( ridge of the Hohe Tauern ) in the field of Venedigergruppe and Granatspitzgruppe to Italy, lead all internal Austrian transport routes to and from North Tyrol and Vorarlberg through this district. Already 1873/75 he was tapped by the Salzburg -Tiroler -Bahn. Transalpine traffic between Germany and Italy affect the area due to the heavy Überwindbarkeit of the Hohe Tauern, however, only since the building of the Grossglockner High Alpine Road in 1935. Another important north -south connection was to East Tyrol created in 1967 with the opening of the Felber Tauern tunnel. From the Hohe Tauern also the Glockner group belongs to the Pinzgau. Furthermore, the district share of the Mitter Alps to the Glemmtal, the Steiner formers sea, on the mountains and on the Dientener Lofer Steinberg mountains. The Leogang Mountains he has almost completely.
The Pinzgauer is a trail over mountains leading long-distance trail, the Obertauern ( district of Sankt Johann im Pongau) via Zell am See to the west in the Kitzbühel Alps and continues in Tirol.
For Oberpinzgau all the communities in the old district court Mittersill Krimml in the west to Niedernsill. East joins the sub Pinzgau, to which all the places of the old district court Taxenbach, Piesendorf *, * Kaprun, Bruck and Fusch and belong. The towns of Zell am See and Saalfelden with the surrounding Pinzgau communities north of the upper and the lower Pinzgau form the Mitter Pinzgau.
Recently, also a division into four sub-regions Rumour:
- Oberpinzgau, sub Pinzgau, " Pinzgauer central space" and "Lower Saalachtal "
The latter designation is inaccurate from a geographical point of view, since there is only the middle reaches of the Saalch in this area.
The Zell am See district is divided into the following 28 municipalities, including three cities and four market towns include (in brackets the number of inhabitants on 1 January 2013):
The most important of the abbreviations used are:
- M = center of the municipality
- Stt = district
- R = Rotte
- W = hamlet
- D = village
- ZH = Scattered houses
- Sdlg = settlement
- E = bowery (only if they have their own town code)
The complete list that uses the Statistics Austria, can be found at Topographic settlement Labelling according to STAT
Please note that some places may have different spellings. So Katastralgemeinden write differently than the same localities.
Source: Statistics Austria - Salzburg list (PDF)
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The municipalities are further subdivided into local villages.
The Pinzgau, as part of the Inner Mountain, has a fairly distinct folk culture. In the dialect language, Pinzgauerisch, a sub-form of the Middle Bairischen, the Salzburg area elements that are related to the Pongauerischen, with Western Tyrolean elements mix in Oberpinzgau with Südbairischem ( süd-/osttirolischem ) influence.
The healing knowledge of Pinzgauerinnen, accumulated knowledge about the cure and its practical application in the Pinzgau ( a list of 106 remedies, their indications and effects is detected ), in 2010 as Intangible World Heritage, as declared by UNESCO, in the Austria List ( National Treasure ) was added. Likewise, the Hundstoaranggeln found at Hoher Hundstein is recording, a fight ritual ( Ranggeln ) and one of the oldest sports that will take place in the Alps.