The Zia Pueblo de Zia or among the Pueblo peoples and speak Eastern Keres, which is considered as an isolated language today. The current name is a Spanish adaptation of the historical Keres designation as Tsi'ya or Tseja - "unknown language". The eponymous Zia Pueblo is located in the southwestern United States, about 50 km west of Santa Fe in New Mexico.
According to early Spanish records Zia was of 2,500 inhabitants is the largest and most important place in a province with five pueblos. Juan de Oñate visited the village in 1598 and shortly thereafter the Mission Nuestra Senora de la Ansuncion de Sia was built.
The Zia played an active role in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 and made the Spanish attempts to retake resistance. In 1689, Zia was attacked by Governor Domingo de Cruzate that killed more than 600 Indians in a bloody battle, the village burned down and sold the captives as slaves. The fugitives built near Jemez Pueblo a new, where they remained until 1692. Diego de Vargas was persuaded to return to Zia to build the Pueblo and his church.
From that time on they were friends of the Spaniards and served frequently as allies in attacks on other pueblos. This loyalty to the Spaniards made them unpopular with the other tribes and Zia was often in turn the target of armed raids from neighboring pueblos. Even today, the inhabitants of this village because of the alliance with the Spaniards the reputation of social outsiders.
Life and culture
Because it does not have enough land and water, Zia has been a poor Pueblo from time immemorial. Cattle and cultivation is possible to a limited extent, but for the most in Pueblo is wage labor in neighboring communities necessary.
Internal disputes in Zia on the agenda. In 1930, when a group of Zia, who lived in Albuquerque, a Protestant sect of faith healers. The converts returned to the Pueblo back in order to recruit new members, and after much controversy, they went back to Albuquerque. Other disputes ended with the burning kiva a rival group. Given the shortage of land for the growing population and the continuing internal unrest, the future is uncertain Zia.
Zia pottery are well known for their beautiful multicolor design which are purchased by Indians and whites. New Mexico state flag comes from a pottery patterns from Zia. The U.S. census of 2000 showed 1,590, of which 500 are permanent residents in the approximately 360 -acre reserve.