Ziaur Rahman ( Bengali: জিয়াউর রহমান, Jiẏāur Rahaman; born January 19, 1936 at the village Bagbari, Bogra, Bengal; † 30 May 1981 in Chittagong ) was the sixth President of Bangladesh and the founder of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. He was also called Zia and is also sold under the name of honor Shahid (German: Martyr ) known. His wife Khaleda Zia has already been three times Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
His father, Mansur Rahman, was a chemist who worked for a government department in Kolkata. Zia's childhood was divided between living in the village and in the city. He later went to the Hare School in Kolkata.
At the beginning of the Bangladesh war conquered the army unit in which Zia was an officer, the radio station in Kalurghat and speaking on behalf of Mujibur Rahman, the independence of Bangladesh. As a war hero Zia was in 1972 awarded the Order Bir Uttom. After the assassination of Rahman's 1975 Khondaker Mostaq President Ahmad Zia and was appointed chief of staff of the army. After another coup Zia was provided in November 1975 under house arrest. However, he could perform with the help of Colonel Abu Taher a successful counter-coup and was re- army chief.
In 1977 he declared himself president and won a 1978 held referendum. In 1978 he founded the Bangladesh Nationalist Party and won for its stabilization policy broad popular support. His policy was aimed at the introduction of a market economy system and industrial development. He also enshrined Islam in the Constitution of Bangladesh and sought reconciliation with the Islamic parties that had fought on the side of Pakistan. In foreign policy, he gave up staying close to India and sought closer ties with the Islamic and the Western States.
Zia was assassinated in 1981 during a failed military coup.