Zion (Illinois)

Lake County


Zion is a city in Lake County in the northeast of the U.S. State of Illinois and part of the Chicago metropolitan area. In 2000, Zion had 22,866 inhabitants; to the census in 2010, the population increased to 24 413.


Zion is located at 42 ° 327'12 " north latitude and 87 ° 50'25 " west longitude and extending over 21.24 km ², which consist exclusively of land area.

Zion is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. Distance to the city center of Chicago is approximately 80 km to the south. The border with the neighboring state of Wisconsin is located 5.8 km north of Zion.

Neighboring municipalities are Winthrop Harbor in the north, the west Wadsworth, Gurnee Waukegan in the southwest and the south.

After Milwaukee in Wisconsin, there are 72.7 km in the north, Wisconsin's capital, Madison is located 176 km north-east. Rockford is the third largest city of Illinois is located 120 km west of Zion.


By Zion runs in a north -south direction parallel to the shore of Lake Michigan, the Illinois State Routes 137 in the center of Zion branches off from this in a westerly direction, the Illinois State Routes 173 from.

By Zion runs to the METRA system belonging and of the Union Pacific Railroad operated North Line, which connects the city of Kenosha in Wisconsin to the city center of Chicago. With Waukegan Zion is served by bus line 571 of the public bus company Pace


Zion was founded in 1901 by John Alexander Dowie, a Congregationalist and founder of the Christian Catholic Apostolic Church. In the early years this devout church also believed from the disc shape of the Earth was the only religious community of the city.

From 1906 took over Dowie 's successor Wilbur Glenn Voliva the leadership of the community and established a strictly oriented to moral tenets of the religious community theocracy in the city. Through its own radio station the theories of the community have also been transmitted to the outside.

In the time of the Great Depression, the economy was in the city to a standstill. Competing churches achieved success in missionary work among the urban population. This not only broke the monopoly of the Christian Catholic Apostolic Church, but also changed the political life of the city.

1937 burned down the building of the first church and was then replaced by a modern building. The former house of John Alexander Dowie, a representative wooden house with 350 rooms served later as a hospital. In the late 1980s this was replaced by a modern building.

Demographic data

In the official census in 2000 a population of 22,866 was determined. These distributed to 7,552 households in 5,558 families. The population density was 1076.7 people per square kilometer. There were 8,112 residential buildings, which corresponded to a building density of 382 buildings per square kilometer.

The population was in 2000 from 58.8 percent White, 27.1 percent African Americans, 0.4 percent Indians and Asians 2.0 percent and 7.8 percent other. 2.2 percent said to be descended from at least two of these groups. 4.0 percent of the population consisted of Hispanics who belonged to the various of the aforementioned groups.

33.2 percent were under the age of 18, 9.5 percent from 18 to 24, 31.4 percent of 25-44, 17.4 percent from 45 to 64 and 8.4 percent 65 and older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females were statistically 94.3 men in the over 18 -year-olds 88.0.

The median income per household amounted to 45.723 U.S. dollars ( USD), the median family income $ 50,378. The median income for men was $ 37,455, and for women about $ 27,563. The per capita income amounted to $ 17,730. Around 10.1 percent of families and 11.9 percent of the total population were below the poverty line income.