Zoeterwoude ( listen? / I ) is a municipality in the Dutch province of South Holland.
Gelderswoude, Weipoort, Westeinde, Zoeterwoude - Dorp, Zoeterwoude Rijndijk and Zuidbuurt.
The name Zoeterwoude
The origin of the name Zoeterwoude is not fully identify. Presumably, the village was named after the river de Suet or de Swet. Suet or Swet probably means " cute ".
The origin of Zoeterwoude
Zoeterwoude originated from individual settlements the dyke of the old Rijn ( Rhine ) along. Already in the year 40 was a Roman camp here. On the southern shore of the Rijn's a way was built. That way slowly some houses were built. To some 750 buildings were constructed in what is now Weipoort. There the holy Lebuinus built a small church in a place which was then called Suetan. It is not yet clear where this village is located. It is believed that it was at the mouth of Weipoortsen Vliets.
Other villages in present-day Zoeterwoude were known early. Thus, already 857 of a Rodanburg (now Roomburg ) reported. A Northa ( today perhaps Noord Aa) is mentioned in the list of the possessions of St. Maarten's in Utrecht. In the 11th century were Waldmannerveen ( today perhaps the area of Zoeterwoude - Dorp ) and Boschusa.
By 1200, there were several floods that inundated the area. Many residents moved to Leiden. Others have Suetan leave at the mouth of Suet / Swet and moved into the area, has emerged in the Zoeterwoude. In 1205, the name Zoeterwoude comes as Sotrewold ago for the first time. In 1276 it was designated as Soetrewold.
From 1300 to today
By 1300, the municipal boundaries were defined. Zoeterwoude belonged in the area of the larger municipalities in the Netherlands. A large part of the area has not been much later annexed by surrounding communities, especially of suffering. 1414, the Hoge Rijndijk is increased and in 1446 the name Weipoort is mentioned for the first time. 1450 the first bridge between Leiderdorp and Zoeterwoude is built. To enlarge the field of fire for their guns, the population of Leiden has burned down in 1574 Zoeterwoude and set the polders under water. 1650 the now uninhabited village was again rebuilt. As of 1800 there were several Reversed My Dungen in the city of Leiden. Thus, the municipality of Zoeterwoude was constantly smaller. After the establishment of the A4 motorway became the new border between suffering and Zoeterwoude. Until now, the community was able to successfully defend themselves against their possible resolution.
Since 1993 Zoeterwoude maintains partnership relations with the small town Osieczna in Poland.
The municipal elections in 2006 brought Zoeterwoude the following result ( for comparison, the 2002 figures):
*: Coalition of PvdA, D66 and GL