Adolf Weber (economist)

Adolf Weber ( born December 29, 1876 in Mechernich; † January 5, 1963 in Munich) was a German economist.


Although born as the son of a farmer in the Eifel, he was able to visit a school in Bonn and then studying at the universities of Bonn, Berlin and Leipzig jurisprudence. He received his Ph.D. in 1900 in Freiburg Dr. jur. and two years later in Bonn Dr. phil. After studying economics at Max Sering ( until 1889 ) and Eberhard Gothein to 1904 in Bonn, he habilitated in 1903 as a lecturer in Bonn and taught at the University and at the Agricultural University of Bonn -Poppelsdorf (from 1904) In 1908 he was sent to a professorship the Graduate School of Cologne appointed in 1912 was also conferred on him the Head of the newly established College of communal and social administration in Cologne. From 1914 to 1919 he was a full professor at the University of Breslau - there he founded the Eastern Europe Institute -, 1919 at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, until he moved to the Chair of Economics at the University of Munich in 1921, he held until his retirement with 72 years in 1948. Even after his retirement, he continued to hold lectures.

Influenced by the growing totalitarianism during the First World War, he coined the term " Gesamtverapparatisierung " of society by attempting to also control the Social technocratic means of a value-free science in the sense of Max Weber. He criticized both the Nazis and the Soviet planned economy and continued in his role as a public intellectual over again for the idea of ​​free market economy. Already in 1910 he wrote: " An almost fantastic belief in the omnipotence of public authority in the social field, in particular a more than the measure of faith in the miraculous power of the laws template and the control screw pushes more and more ago."

His economic policy designs formed in the postwar period for Alfred Müller- Armack, Fritz Schäffer and Ludwig Erhard an important basis for the economic restructuring of Germany as a social market economy.


  • Before 1939: Honorary Senator of the University of Breslau
  • 1952: Great Federal Cross of Merit
  • 1959: Bavarian Order of Merit
  • In 1963, the Urban Adolf -Weber -Gymnasium in Munich was named after him, the only public high school of the state capital with an economic focus.


  • The money quality of the banknote. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1900.
  • Deposit banks and speculation banks. A comparison of English and German banking. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1902, 4th edition 1938.
  • About ground rent and land speculation in the modern city. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1904.
  • Poor relief and poor relief. Introduction to social auxiliary work. G. J. Goschen, Leipzig, 1907.
  • The city and its social problems. Quelle & Meyer, Leipzig 1908.
  • The tasks of economics as a science. J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck ), Tübingen 1909.
  • The struggle between capital and labor. Attempt a systematic presentation with special emphasis on the current situation in Germany. J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck ), Tübingen 1910, 6th edition, 1954.
  • Concise economics. 8th ed Berlin: Duncker and Humblot, 1966.
  • General Economics, 4 improved and enlarged edition, Munich and Leipzig: Duncker and Humblot, 1932.
  • Social policy, speeches and essays, Munich and Leipzig: Duncker and Humblot, 1931.
  • Agricultural, craft, industrial policy. Economic Policy I, Munich and Leipzig: Duncker and Humblot, 1932.
  • Trade and transport policy. Economic Policy II, Munich and Leipzig: Duncker and Humblot, 1933.