Allgemeine Zeitung

The Allgemeine Zeitung was in the 19th century next to the Frankfurter Zeitung and the Cologne newspaper one of the first and most important political daily newspapers in Germany.


The precursor of the Allgemeine Zeitung was founded on January 1, 1798 by Johann Friedrich Cotta in Tübingen under the title New World customer. Five key principles were already to policy for the coming decades: integrity, impartiality, truth, a smart - factual representation of contexts as well as a "pure, manly and worthy of their substance " language. Cotta had taken over in 1787 the management of the debt-ridden parents Cotta publishing house in Tübingen. In a few years he made it one of the leading companies in Germany and later moved among others, the works of Goethe and Schiller.

First editor of the Latest World customer should be according to Cotta's desire Friedrich Schiller. However, when he refused, he called the experienced journalist Ernst Ludwig Posselt on this post. In September 1798 he moved the publication to Stuttgart and renamed it Allgemeine Zeitung after Josef Maria Graf Fugger had obtained the prohibition of the Latest World customer as a representative of the Viennese imperial court in Württemberg.

With its editorial profile, the Allgemeine Zeitung took place under the new chief editor Ludwig Ferdinand Huber soon the turn to a more modern journalism.


Cotta's newspaper was " liberal, moderate but highly directed in the form of truth and justice on all sides, so tame and kept as it was at all compatible with the independence and liberal outlook ." Since 1803, the Allgemeine Zeitung was published because of censorship by Elector Frederick of Württemberg by him under the title of Imperial and Bavarian Palatinate privileged general newspaper in Ulm.

From January 16 1807 to September 30, 1882 Allgemeine Zeitung finally appeared in Augsburg, with four printed pages a day and a larger " Extraordinary supplement", which appears about a week. The newspaper initially relied heavily on other newspapers such as the Frankfurter Zeitung, named them frequently as the current source of information and quoted them across multiple columns literally. The Extraordinary Supplement reported separately from the direct relevance of political and legal, of rare religious or cultural basic themes of time and printed without commentary court decisions and legal texts, mainly from Bavaria, from. In the first years of the newspaper contained no advertising and classified ads.

The departure time for the March Revolution of 1848, the Allgemeine Zeitung won in scope, independence and importance far beyond southern Germany In 1823 the press freedom was severely restricted again so that the Allgemeine Zeitung almost fell to the level of the former Hofzeitungen. It was not until after the accession of King Ludwig of Bavaria in 1825 there was a relaxation of censorship.

From 1 October 1882 the Allgemeine Zeitung was moved to Munich, the latest edition under this title appeared there on March 1, 1925. The newspaper was called then from March 1925 in the evening or AZ AZ the morning. The show was finally set on 29 July 1929.

Great authors

One of the most important authors of the Allgemeine Zeitung was Heinrich Heine. He wrote since 1821 reports on music and painting and became in 1832 the Paris correspondent. Heine wrote critical reports on the political and cultural life in France and wrote provocative articles against the policy of Louis Philippe, but also against the German conditions. His newspaper articles for the Allgemeine Zeitung published Heine 1833 as a book entitled French states. 61 journalistic correspondence from the years 1840 to 1843, he has in a revised version under the title Lutecia. Reports on politics, art and life of the people united.

Friedrich Engels led 1838-1843 for the Allgemeine Zeitung correspondence from Bremen and wrote, for example, reports on the emigration question or the " screw steamship ". He called this newspaper " the German Times " - a title that also the Cologne newspaper claimed for himself.

Friedrich Hebbel wrote reports from the Vienna of the European revolution year 1848.

Other important poets, writers and scholars of the day wrote also for the renowned journal: Ludwig Borne, Carl Ludwig Fernow, Karl Gutzkow, Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer, Friedrich List, Alfred von Reumont, August Schleicher, Friedrich Johann Lorenz Meyer, Mr. and Mrs. Fritz Anneke and Mathilde Franziska Anneke and many others.


  • Ernst Ludwig Posselt ( 1798)
  • Ludwig Ferdinand Huber (September 9, 1798 to 1804 )
  • Karl Joseph Stegmann (1804-1837)
  • Gustav Kolb (1828-1865)