Annalen der Physik

The annals of physics are an important physical journal. It has been published since 1799.

From 1819 to 1824 (Volume 61-76 ), the magazine was titled Annals of physics and physical chemistry and 1824-1899 (Vol. 77-305 ) the title annals of physics and chemistry.

Characterization of the journal

The annals of physics emerged as a successor of a number of magazines that had been issued by the German chemist Friedrich Albrecht Carl Gren. This published from 1790 to 1794, first the Journal of Physics, the later from 1795 to 1797 was followed by the New Journal of Physics. After his death, the magazine series with the modern common title Annals of Physics of Ludwig Wilhelm Gilbert, a professor at the University of Halle, was continued.

The articles were first written in the German language. After the Second World War, English-language publications were added and won, is about a balance in the late 1970s, the upper hand. Since the beginning of the 8th episode, the magazine is published entirely in English, only the title was retained.

Any drawings were added in the early years on copper plates.

The heyday of physics in the German-speaking end of the 19th and early 20th century led to lively publishing activity, so that each year up to three volumes with around a thousand pages each, consisting of successive booklets published. The highest levels reached the annals in the year 1914 when around 3,800 pages, divided into 24 books, and three volumes have been published. Every year a band consisting of twelve booklets ( partially double stapling) with a total of around 800 pages Latest appear.

Counting and editor

  • Volumes 1 to 76 ( 1799-1824 ), publisher: Ludwig Wilhelm Gilbert. With changing of the publishing in 1809 a new numbering scheme is introduced (Band 1 = band 31 in previous counting method ), but which is subsequently abandoned. With Volume 61 (1819 ), the magazine receives the (additional) title Annals of physics and physical chemistry.
  • Poggendorfs annals: Volumes 77-236 ( 1824-1876 ) are in citations after her publisher Johann Christian Poggendorff as Pogg. Ann. named. Band 77 is Volume 1 of the Poggendorf between annals, now have the title annals of physics and chemistry. Each 30 volumes are combined into a series, so there are 5 full rows, the sixth and final series consists of 10 volumes. So is noted on the 128 band in addition to the corresponding roman numeral CXXVIII that it is the eighth volume of the fifth row.
  • Wiedemann's Annalen: Volumes 237-305 ( 1877-1899 ) are named in citations after her publisher Gustav Heinrich Wiedemann, often abbreviated as Wied. Ann. and in the count restarts: 237 tape is Volume 1 of Wied. Ann. In 1893 comes Wiedemann's son Eilhard Wiedemann added as a publisher. The magazine carries as before the title annals of physics and chemistry. The proper name on the cover of the books is initially Pogge village Annals New sequence with the edition number counted since 1877.
  • Episode 4: With tape 306, the fourth episode of the Annals begins ( again under the original title Annals of Physics ) and the sequence count is noted from this point on to the front pages. In literature references this episode appeared simply as Ann. d Phys, whereby occasionally the band a parenthetical number (4 ) is preceded, in order to highlight the fourth episode. Rare has the designation after their first editor Paul Karl Ludwig Drude. With tape 326 ( Volume 21 of the fourth sequence ) take 1906 Wilhelm Wien and Max Planck editorship to tape 392 (1928 ). The issue happens from now on under " participation of the German Physical Society."
  • Episode 5: Volumes 393-435 ( 1929-1946 ), publisher: Max Planck and Eduard Grüneisen, Volume 393 = Volume 1 of Episode 5
  • Episode 6: Volumes 436-455 ( 1947-1957 ): As the editor F. is added Possible Planck retires after Volume 1, Grüneisen according Vol 4 from. With ribbon 445 is added Hans Kopfermann.
  • 7th row: Volumes 456-503 ( 1957-1991 ): The editors are up to and including 463 band (Band 8 of the 7th episode) Hans Kopfermann and G. Richter, then still G. Richter and HJ Treder and W. Walcher.
  • Episode 8: volumes from 504 (1992 ), full switch to English language, only the title Annals of Physics is maintained. With changing of the publishing house ( Volume 7 of the 8 sequence) eliminates the first continuous counting since 1799 on the title page (the last volume 6 of 8 result = band 509), but recorded at the publication of the issue in June 2010 as Volume 522 again ( Volume 19 of the 8th episode = band 522).

Publishing house

The first issues to Volume 30 (1808 ) published in the Renger 's bookstore in Halle, from Volume 31 (1809 ) took over - certainly not by consensus - the publisher Johann Ambrosius Barth, Leipzig publishing. The 1828 edition was 750 copies. The publishing location remained during the division of Germany. In 1988, a state-owned enterprise under the name of Johann Ambrosius Barth VEB Leipzig from the independent companies. Since 1998 ( Volume 7 of 8 result = band 510), the journal published by Wiley -VCH appears.

Important publications

In the annals of physics a variety of groundbreaking scientific findings have been published, including, inter alia:

  • Heinrich Rudolf Hertz Proof of of J. C. Maxwell predicted electromagnetic waves: About very fast electrical oscillations. Annals of Physics 267, pp. 421-448, 1887
  • The discovery of the photoelectric effect ( photoelectric effect ): On the Influence of ultraviolet light on the electrische discharge. Annals of Physics 267, pp. 983-1000, 1887
  • Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen Discovery and detection of X-ray radiation: About a new kind of radiation (1). Annals of Physics and Chemistry 300, pp. 1-11, 1898
  • Discovery and detection of X-ray radiation: About a new kind of radiation (2). Annals of Physics and Chemistry 300, pp. 12-17, 1898
  • Other observations of the properties of the x-rays. Annals of Physics and Chemistry 300, pp. 18-37, 1898
  • About irreversible radiation processes ( Supplement ). Annals of Physics 311, pp. 818-831, 1901
  • Albert Einstein the explanation of the photoelectric effect: Over a the Production and Transformation of Light Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning, Annals of Physics 322, pp. 132-148, 1905
  • The first paper on special relativity: On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, Annalen der Physik 322, pp. 891-921, 1905
  • About Brownian motion: About required by the theoretical molecular theory of heat movement of particles suspended in liquids at rest particles. Annals of Physics 322, pp. 549-560, 1905, and " On the theory of Brownian motion ". Annals of Physics 324, pp. 371-381, 1906
  • The basis of the general theory of relativity in the same essay: The basis of the general theory of relativity, Annals of Physics 354, pp. 769 ff, 1916