António Maria de Sousa Sardinha ( born September 9, 1887 in Monforte, † January 10, 1925 in Elvas ) was a Portuguese writer, publisher and politician who was considered one of the leading intellectuals of his time in Portugal. He is also one of the most important representatives of the Portuguese fundamentalism and monarchism.
António Sardinha was born in 1887 in Mont Forte, a community in the southern Portuguese province of Alentejo. Even as a 15 - year-old he published his first volume of poetry. In 1911 he began studying law at the University of Coimbra. In 1913 he was converted to the Catholic faith and was a loyal supporter of the monarchy.
For the Monarchist Party, he was elected as a deputy to parliament. In 1914 he founded the magazine Nação Portuguesa ( Portuguese nation ), which was as a reservoir for ethnic, racial, nationalistic and integralist intellectuals and thus to the author of " Integralismo Português ", the " Portuguese fundamentalism ". In 1919 he had for 27 months in exile, because it was announced that they had planned the establishment of a " Monarquía de Norte ", a " monarchy of the North" in the north of the country. Since 1922 he was also editor of the journal epigonic monarchist "A Monarquía ".
The writer and politician died on 10 January 1925 at the age of 37.
Sardinha as the " spiritual father "
António Sardinha applies partially to today as the leading exponent of the Portuguese rights. Many of his writings were openly or covertly laced with ethnic, racial, fundamentalist and monarchist elements. He also rejected the parliamentary system and democracy in his work resolutely. Connected him an acquaintance with the Portuguese President Sidónio Pais. He was thus a " spiritual father " of the Portuguese fascism, who took his political start in which only one year on his death following a military coup.
- Ensaio: O Valor da Raça (1915 ) - Essay: Value of race.
- Chuva da Tarde (1923 ) - Rain in the afternoon, poems.
- A Aliança Peninsular (1925 ) - Alliance of the peninsula.
- Politicians (Portugal )
- Born in 1887
- Died in 1925