Archbishop Flavian of Constantinople
Flavian of Constantinople Opel, Greek Φλαβιανός - Phlabianós (* in the 4th or 5th century; † August 11 449 in Hypaipa ) was Archbishop of Constantinople from 446 to 449 Opel, at the Council of Ephesus of 449, the " Robber Synod " he represented the later recognized minority opinion was therefore discontinued and mistreated and died as a result. He is venerated in the Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Church as a saint. His Catholic feast day is February 18, the Orthodox commemorate him on 16 February.
About Flavian origin and career nothing is known. Before his elevation to the Archbishop he was a priest and overseer of the church treasury in Constantinople Opel. His life was considered saintly.
As Flavian was appointed to succeed Archbishop Proclus, thwarted the plans of the imperial officials Chrysaphios. This prompted Theodosius II to require Flavian a tribute gift. The new archbishop was the emperor instead of gold to bring the anti- Doron, which was indignantly rejected by Chrysaphios. Theodosius ' sister Pulcheria sided with Flavian party, the Emperor 's wife Eudocia for Chrysaphios.
With the palace intrigue mingled the smoldering in the imperial church Christological controversy. Chrysaphius and Eudocia won Theodosius for the Monophysite party, I., under the leadership of the priest Eutyches and Dioscorus the Patriarch of Alexandria was of the view that Christ's divine nature had " absorbed " his human nature entirely in itself; Flavian, supported by Pulcheria, taught that the incarnate Son of God in person unit God and man is ( two natures ). A synod in Constantinople condemned Opel chaired Flavians Eutyches in November 448 as a heretic and excommunicated him. As Theodosius 449 a new council at Ephesus convened to sanction the Monophysite doctrine, sent Pope Leo the Great to Flavian, Archbishop would later become famous encyclical Tome ad Flavianum that was preparing the doctrinal decision of Chalcedon. The letter did not come in Ephesus but for reading. There sat under tumult and violence, the Monophysite party by. Flavian was physically abused, declared deposed and expelled from the city. He died shortly afterwards in exile.
When Theodosius died in 450, the balance of power shifted. Pulcheria married Marcian, who succeeded her brother. This convened the Council of Chalcedon, the dogmatized the two natures and Flavian declared a martyr. His remains had Pulcheria transfer Opel to Constantinople and buried in the Cathedral, the predecessor of the Hagia Sophia, with great honor.