Arvid Carlsson

Arvid Carlsson (born 25 January 1923 in Uppsala ) is a Swedish pharmacologist, who was known for his work with the neurotransmitter dopamine. Together with Eric Kandel and Paul Greengard he received in 2000 the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine " for discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system."


Carlsson studied medicine from 1941 at the University of Lund, where his father taught history. Although Sweden remained neutral in World War II, he had to interrupt his studies to serve several years in the Swedish army. In 1951 he received his doctorate and was then a professor at the University of Lund. Eight years later, Carlsson took over the chair at the University of Gothenburg, which he retained until his retirement in 1989. In the 1950s he discovered the signal substance dopamine and its effects on the human brain. In the fight against Parkinson 's disease, which is caused by a deficiency of this signal substance, he had by this discovery and the subsequent research in this area major contributors.