Oliver Smithies

Oliver Smithies ( born July 23, 1925 in Halifax, West Yorkshire, England) is a native of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland geneticist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2007. Smithies a citizen of the United States. He was honored along with Martin Evans and Mario Capecchi for research on the knockout mouse.

In the early 1950s he had been instrumental in the development of gel electrophoresis.

Academic Career

1951 Oliver Smithies received the doctorate degree (Ph.D. ) in biochemistry at the University of Oxford. 1953 to 1960 he worked at the Connaught Medical Research Laboratory, University of Toronto, Canada. 1960 to 1988 he was Assistant, Associate and Leon J. Cole and Hilldale Professor of Genetics and Medical Genetics at the University of Wisconsin- Madison. Since 1988, Smithies Excellence Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.