Halifax (West Yorkshire)
Halifax is a town in the English county of West Yorkshire and the administrative headquarters of the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale. According to the census Halifax had a total of 82 056 inhabitants in 2001.
- 4.1 Music
- 4.2 Structures
- 4.3 Sport
- 5.1 traffic
- 6.1 Sons and daughters of the town
Halifax is located in the southeast of the marshland South Pennines near the cities of Bradford, Huddersfield and Rochdale. Liverpool and Hull is 100 km, and London, Edinburgh, Belfast, Dublin and Cardiff are around 300 km away. The city is drained by the River Calder.
Probably the name comes from the Old English words Halifax for "holy " and " face", which points to the old legend that the head of John the Baptist to be buried after his execution here. The legend has transferred to the city arms, depicting the saints.
The first Earl of Halifax was George Savile, who was previously raised to the Margrave and appropriated in 1677 this item. George Montagu - Dunk was in 1748 appointed President of the Board of Trade. In 1749 he was the co-founder of the city of Halifax in Canada, which was named after its English model.
The history of the Cathedral of Halifax dates back to the 12th century. The cathedral was consecrated in St. John the Baptist. The astronomer and discoverer of Uranus, William Herschel, in 1766 was the first organist in the church. Halifax was notorious for his guillotine that was used for the last time in 1650. A replica of it was built in Gibbet Street ( " Gallows Road" ). Daniel Defoe has spent most of his life in Halifax.
With the Local Government Act 1888 Halifax was declared in 1889 to a County Borough. Since 1974, Halifax is the administrative headquarters of the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale.
Halifax has twinned with Aachen in North Rhine -Westphalia.
Culture and sights
- The Heath High School in 1585 and is the Piece Hall was opened with 300 rooms in 1779 for the display and sale of substances.
- The square is lined with Victorian buildings.
- The Northbridge is a Victorian road bridge of iron and stone. It crosses the valley of the River Hebble and connects the city to the streets to Bradford and Leeds.
- Constructed in 1863 the Town Hall was designed by the famous architect Charles Barry, who also designed the Palace of Westminster among others.
In the Halifax Rugby League Club Halifax RLFC is native who plays in the second-class Rugby Football League Championship. FC Halifax Town is the successor of the football club Halifax Town, who went bankrupt in 2008 and was dissolved. The club currently plays in the Northern Premier League Premier Division siebtklassigen. The two teams share the stadium The Shay, which has a capacity of 14,000 spectators.
The speedway sport was first held in 1928 in Halifax. From 1949 to 1951, the race at The Shay Stadium were held. It was the home of Halifax Dukes, which until 1949 in the National League Third Division went and ascended in 1950 in the Second Division. In 1952 she changed into Odsal Stadium Bradford and The Shay was transformed into a pure rugby and football stadium. In 1965, the Dukes a member of the newly formed British League.
Economy and infrastructure
The city is the founding place of the bank Halifax, which has belonged since 2008, the Lloyds Banking Group. In addition to the financial industry, the confectionery industry is an important source of income since 1890 traditionally grown in Halifax. In 1969 the company merged Rowntree 's of York with the resident in Halifax family of John Mackintosh Rowntree Mackintosh to. 1988, the manufacturer was acquired by Nestlé. It produces different varieties of sweets that are made , for example, under the brand name Quality Street.
Before that Halifax was an industrial city, which focused on mechanical engineering, textile industry and carpet production. The workers' settlements from this period still exist today and are now under monument protection.
Halifax is located on the A roads A58 ( Prescot Wetherby ) and A629 ( Rotherham - Skipton ). The A6036 connects Halifax with Bradford. Following the M62 you receive five kilometers south on the A629 to Manchester and Liverpool as well as ten kilometers east along the A58 towards Leeds and Hull.
The Halifax Railway Station is located on the Caldervale Line with direct links to Manchester Victoria Station to York, Selby via Bradford and Leeds, to Blackpool, to Huddersfield and Wakefield and Brighouse to London King 's Cross. The London Connection is operated by East Coast, all others by Northern Rail.
The former railway line north towards Keighley, which had a further branch to Bradford via Queensbury, was shut down in 1955. The route has many tunnels and viaducts high and is now used as hiking and cycling.
Sons and daughters of the town
- David Hartley (1705-1757), philosopher and psychologist, founder of the association psychology
- William Fawcett (1728-1804), Officer
- Jesse Ramsden (1735-1800), optician and manufacturer of mathematical and optical instruments
- Benjamin Frobisher (1742-1787), fur traders
- James Stanfield (1820-1898), politician
- William Edward Soothill (1861-1935), missionary and sinologist
- Herbert Akroyd Stuart (1864-1927), inventor
- John Henry Whitley (1866-1935), British politician of the Liberal Party, Speaker of the House and chairman of the BBC
- Ernest Lister (1870-1919), American politician, 1913-1919 Governor of Washington (State)
- George Dyson (1883-1964), composer
- Percy Shaw invented the Cat's Eye
- Oliver Smithies ( born 1925 ), geneticist and winner of the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2007
- John E. Walker ( b. 1941 ), a molecular biologist and 1997 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
- John Lawton ( born 1946 ), rock and roll singer
- John Pawson ( born 1949 ), architect
- Peter F. E. Sloane (born 1954 ), Business Education
- Kate Thompson ( born 1956 ), writer
- Steven Croft ( born 1957 ), cleric and bishop
- Craig Fleming (born 1971 ), football player
- Andy McDermott ( b. 1974 ), Thriller Author
- Paddy Kenny (born 1978 ), football player
- Charlie Hodgson ( born 1980 ), rugby players
- Nathan Clarke ( b. 1983 ), football player
- Ed Sheeran (* 1991), singer-songwriter
- Ryan O'Donnell ( b. 1982 ), singer (Ian Anderson), actor
- Kenny Carter (1961-1986), speedway driver