Asia -Pacific comprises the regions in Asia and Oceania, which are in or near the Western Pacific.
For the Asia-Pacific region includes a large part of East Asia, Southeast Asia and Oceania. Sometimes South Asia is expected to, even though India and its neighbors are not on the Pacific coast, but the Indian Ocean. The term may also include the Russian Far East ( North Pacific ) and countries in North and South America which are on the east coast of the Pacific Ocean. The distinction between the coexisting terms " Asia," " East Asia " and "Asia-Pacific " is different in economics, with an explicit thematization rare.
Politics and economics
Although a precise geographical delimitation is controversial, the term "Asia-Pacific " was in the late 1980s, popular, flourished as a capital flow, trade and other forms of economic and political interaction within the heterogeneous region.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations ( ASEAN), founded in 1967, here has a high priority. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation ( APEC) in 1989 allows a regional economic dialogue. In 1994, the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF ) was established, to be discussed in the security issues. Since 1997, the three largest economies in the region - People's Republic of China, Japan and South Korea - better represented by ASEAN Plus Three in multilateral structures in the region. Another body was created in 2005 with the convening of the first East Asia Summit (East Asia Summit, EAS) with the participation of the ASEAN Plus Three, as well as Australia, New Zealand and India.
Furthermore, there is since 1985 the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC ). Your goal is cooperation in economic and technical issues, in particular coordination in the areas of customs and cross-border trade. In 1971 the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF ), a Consultative Forum of the island states of the Pacific ( Oceania ) with the aim to promote cooperation in the political, economic and cultural fields. 2001, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was founded. It represents about a quarter of the world population and thus represents the largest regional organization dar.
Since 1996, the Asia -Europe Meeting (ASEM ) takes place, an inter-regional forum for discussion, which is used for multilateral exchanges between Europe and Asia in the fields of economy, politics, education, culture, environment and climate protection. In addition, there are several sub-regional organizations such as the merger of the Mekong riparian in the Mekong River Commission (MRC ). The working group of government officials from Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam was founded in 1995 to promote the goal of sustainable development of the Mekong River, including its catchment area.
The Asia-Pacific region generally includes:
- Brunei Brunei
- People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
- Indonesia Indonesia
- Japan Japan
- Cambodia Cambodia
- Laos Laos
- Malaysia Malaysia
- Myanmar Myanmar
- Philippines Philippines
- Singapore Singapore
- Flag of South Korea South Korea
- Thailand Thailand
- Australia Australia
- Cook Islands Cook Islands
- Kiribati Kiribati
- Marshall Islands Marshall Islands
- Micronesia Foderierte States Micronesia
- Nauru Nauru
- New Zealand New Zealand
- Niue Niue
- Palau Palau
- Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea
- Solomon Islands Solomon Islands
- Samoa Samoa
- Tonga Tonga
- Tuvalu Tuvalu
- Vanuatu Vanuatu
- American Samoa American Samoa
- Fiji Fiji
- French Polynesia French Polynesia
- Guam Guam
- Hong Kong Hong Kong
- Macau Macau
- New Caledonia New Caledonia
- Nepal Nepal
- North Korea North Korea
- Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands
- East Timor East Timor
- China Republic of China Republic
- Tokelau Tokelau
- Wallis Futuna Wallis and Futuna