Boliden is a place ( tätort ) in the Swedish province of Västerbotten County.
The village in the municipality of Skellefteå is situated about 30 km in a straight line to the northwest of Skellefteå and southeast of the lake and the Bastuträsket him entfließenden Klintforsån, the left ends in Skellefteå in Skellefteå. North of cars of the Silver Way ( Silvervägen ) called National Highway 95 is bypassed, leading from Skellefteå about Arvidsjaur and Arjeplog to Norway. In cars, the provincial road 370 branches ( Guldvägen ) about Malå after Holmfors on Vindelälven from.
Boliden kyrka 1960
Enrichment factory of the New Boliden AB
History and Economics
Its history begins with the discovery of a significant Golderzvorkommens with a high gold content of up to 15 grams per ton of ore end of 1924. Already in the following year was begun with the construction of a mine and the associated settlement, whose names few miles south to the settlement Bjurliden am See Bjurlidträsket go back whose name was printed in the Swedish army maps used incorrectly as a bolide. The mine began operations in 1926; the first mined ore was transported to processing plants in Germany. The settlement was established until the late 1920s, according to a regular plan and building designs of the architect John Åkerlund and William - Olsson days. 1928/1929 was a railway line to Slind at the distance of Bastuträsk ( on the north runway ) to Skellefteå, over which the ore was transported to Rönnskär at Skelleftehamn on the Baltic coast for smelting and shipping. The plants in Rönnskär for the production of various metals and sulfuric acid from the subsidized in and around Boliden ores began operation in 1930, 1942 and 1952.
1943 was the longest 96 km cable car in the world in operation, with which the ore from the mine in 1940 applied Kristine Berg was transported to cars and transhipped at the railroad. In 1954 with the construction of a new work the shift of ore enrichment of Rönnskär by car. In 1967, the Boliden deposit was largely exhausted, so that the mine was closed after the funding of 8.3 million tons of ore, of which over a period of some 40 years 128 tons of gold, 411 tons of silver, 118,000 tonnes of copper and 566,000 tonnes of arsenic and other products had been generated. However, the enrichment factory of the New Boliden AB is still in operation, processed ore from mines in the region lying Kristine Berg and Renström / Petiknäs and opencast mines Maurliden and Maurliden Östra and is the main employer of the town. The population since the cessation of mining even at the end of the 1960s Nevertheless fell in cars by about 40 percent.
In the original administration building of the mine, the first major building erected in the village, one of the geology of the area and the history of mining was in 1995-2012 the Bergrum cars, museum dedicated. The museum also features some of the minerals found in the ore mines of the area were seen. Among the minerals from cars are rare as Klockmannit and Sternbergit, but also Boulangerite which is alternatively after the site Boliden also called Bolidenit. A new museum is scheduled to open in summer 2014.
Among the attractions of the place include the 1960 consecrated simple church ( Boliden kyrka ) of the well-known architect Peter Celsing ( 1920-1974 ). The cease operating after 1987 converted for passenger transport as a tourist attraction earlier Erzseilbahn by Kristine Berg is now 13.6 miles long, but not with cars, but at the 50 kilometers west located Norsjö.