Boulevard du Temple

The Boulevard du Temple is a boulevard in Paris today between the 3rd and the 11th district, which extends from the Place de la République to Place Pasdeloup. He was the birthplace of the Boulevard Theatre, the origin of modern Western popular culture in the 18th century. The local theater were representative of the Viennese suburban theater or the Kingdom Municipal Theater in Berlin.


The Boulevard du Temple takes its name from the Temple, the territory of the Knights Templar, which was located to the 18th century still outside of Paris.

In the period before the French Revolution, the entertainment venues broke on the Boulevard du Temple from the Paris market theater that offered before the main part of the bourgeois entertainment activities this city. After the fire at the fair of St. Germain in 1762 were already using the building on the Boulevard du Temple, some market theater. The theater freedom of 1791 finally allowed a regular operation. The theaters were all located on the northeast side of the boulevard. The only theater on the southwest side is also available as a single until today remained ( Théâtre Déjazet, no. 41).

Through the many detective stories (see melodrama ) that ran there since about 1800, the Boulevard du Temple was nicknamed the Boulevard du Crime ( "Boulevard of Crime "). The most important writer, director and theater manager in the first half of the 19th century was Pixérécourt. The Almanac des Spectacles was held in 1823, a conclusion of the last 20 years: " Tautin has been killed 16 302 times, Marty has succumbed 11,000 poisonings in different variants, Fresnoy was sacrificed 27,000 times in different ways, Miss Adèle Dupuis has 75,000 times their innocence lost [ ... ] "

However, here also comic pantomimes and Feerien were listed, and Jean- Gaspard Deburau invented the poetic figure of Pierrot ( Théâtre des Funambules ).

An early form of terrorism was the 1835 failed, but challenging in the crowd many lives assassination by Giuseppe Fieschi on the king Louis -Philippe with an " infernal machine ".

The transformation of the boulevards of Paris by Georges- Eugène Haussmann led in 1862 to the demolition of most of the local theater. A reconstructed Boulevard du Temple is the venue of the film Children of Paradise (1945 ) by Marcel Carné.

Theater -ups on the Boulevard du Temple