The Cathariinae are a very small and controversial subfamily of the Crambidae. Currently only two types are collectively known, they both come from Europe.
The Cathariinae are characterized by the reduction of various features in the male genital apparatus and the Tympanalorgane of females.
Way of life
The two types of Cathariinae occur exclusively in the montane areas of the Alps and the Pyrenees.
The subfamily Cathariinae presently contains only two species in a genus. Some authors even consider these two species as only two populations of a single species For this reason, some researchers even discuss the possibility that this genus in the subfamily better Odontiinae (or Pyraustinae ) should be provided.
- Catharia pyrenaealis ( Duponchel, 1843)
- Catharia simplonialis ( Heyden Reich, 1851)