Charles Correa

Charles M. Correa ( born September 1, 1930 in Sikandarabad, Andhra Pradesh ) is an Indian architect and urban planner.

He is regarded as a unifying element of traditional spiritual architecture and western cultural understanding. Widely acclaimed buildings are the "Permanent Mission of India" in New York City, USA, and the Mahatma Gandhi delivered thought " Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya " in Ahmedabad, India. Correa is married to the artist Monica Correa and teaches at MIT and Harvard.

Correa took initially thrilled at the design language of international modernism. For the 28- story high-rise apartments of Kanchenjunga in Mumbai ( 1970-1983 ) with its adoption of Western Apartment floor plans earned him criticism that he justified with the need to be observed relation between construction and land costs in this city. This criticism was related to the expectations of the most influential advocates of a tradition-conscious construction. His Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya on the premises of the Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad from 1958-1963 is a clear and modest design for a museum in memory of Mahatma Gandhi, who had lived here 1917-1930. Quadratic modules around a central courtyard respect the rules of Vastu Vidiya. The austere simplicity of the covered with hipped roofs components is loosened by the irregular distribution corresponding to an Indian village.

The 1978 completed 160 units of Tara Group Housing in New Delhi are diagonal getreppte and nested row houses on 0.8 hectares. Floor -like cantilevered they are climate justice according to the streets of the desert city of Jaisalmer. The Kanchenjunga Apartments are a built in height correspondence: collapse in the façade corner balconies extend over two floors and provide a necessary perforation in the block form.

From the plethora of different designs that deal all very consistent with the Indian tradition, the circular shape of the Parliament building of the state of Madhya Pradesh in Bhopal would stand out even without mythological reference. On a low hill overlooking a part of the city all functional areas and within a circular outer walls are 140 meters in diameter, within which the large meeting room is created circular also and is topped by a round dome. The most important stupa at Sanchi in the country is around 50 kilometers away. That in the center of a square courtyard, according to tradition, was kept for Brahma, must not be stressed at Correa. The construction period lasted from 1980 until 1997.


Correa was awarded the Indian National Padma Shri prices (1972 ), the Praemium Imperiale (1994 ), the Austrian Decoration for Science and Art (2005 ) and the Padma Vibhushan (2006).