Chord names and symbols (popular music)
Chord symbols are used in music notation to denote chords.
The symbols in use today are mainly from jazz and popular music. With them, the harmonic structure of a piece can be represented compactly and without notes. Thus, a piece spontaneously and with great freedom to be accompanied. The soloists helps the compact harmonic representation in the improvisation.
A common notation system creates the following notations that:
1 = primary, 2 = major second, 3 = major third, 4 = fourth, 5 = fifth, 6 = major sixth, Δ = major seventh (!), 8 = octave, 9 = major ninth, tenth 10 = large, 11 = pure eleventh, thirteenth 13 = large.
♭ 2 = small seconds, ♭ 3 = minor third, ♭ 5 = diminished fifth, minor sixth ♭ 6 =, 7 = minor seventh (!), ♭ 9 = minor ninth, ♭ 13 = small thirteenth.
♯ 1 = small seconds, ♯ 2 = minor third, ♯ 4 = augmented fourth ( tritone ), ♯ 5 = augmented fifth, ♯ 6 = minor seventh, ♯ 9 = excessive None, ♯ 11 = excessive eleventh
- Because of the enharmonic change between excessive thirteenth and the octave a minor seventh, there is virtually no ♯ 13
- Because of the enharmonic change reduced fourth with a major third, there is virtually no ♭ 11
- ♭ 13 is, there is no great thirteenth in the chord, but it can give a perfect fifth (despite semitone )
In addition, the chord symbols are arbitrarily combined and changed to note also less common multiple sounds when needed. Examples: ♭ 9 ♯ 9 ♯ 11 / ♭ 5 ♯ 5/ 13, etc. ♭
- Instead, the minor chords to be marked with an "m " small tone letters can be used. In English-speaking countries are also often the terms " mi" or "min" (minor = minor ) were used.
- Altered chord tones are also found with the and - listed after the number, instead of ♯ and ♭ before the number.
- If more than one sound added to the basic chord whose numbers are not only separated by a slash next to each superscript as in the above representations, but (at least if it remains at two numbers) also wrote about each other:
- If you yourself noted, and all parties are in German, even quotations are found in German notation with F sharp, G flat and H (next to B).
- Instead of the root letters are sometimes also writes tonart across T, S or D for tonic, subdominant, or dominant, see examples in cadence.