The Claymore (or Claidheamh Mòr ) is a common form in Scotland of the sword, which is in use since the early 15th century, where there are two basic models.

The two-handed claymore

The Claymore also Claidhem - More, Claidhmhichean - mora, Glaymore, Scottish two-handed sword, scottish sword was in use until about the 17th century. It has a straight, double-edged blade. This is the place from the narrow issue, and ends in a pointed place. The blade often has a wide hollow grind. The magazine has a wide, angled downward, v -shaped guard, whose ends are decorated with quatrefoils. The handle is usually made ​​of wood and covered with leather. The pommel is round. In the early Claymore you can often find a long, lederumwickelte ricasso.

The Claymore with wicker handle

This used since the late 17th century broadsword is guided with one hand and is much shorter than the two-handed. The booklet is to protect the hand, provided with a basket. The blade length is between three quarters and a few feet. The blade is broad, ending in a pointed place and can be both single-and double-edged. In origin it was used in combat along with a Buckler ( Buckler ). Today it is used in Scottish sword dances and is part of the officer's uniform of the Royal Regiment of Scotland. There is a great similarity to the broadsword.

Word origin

The notation is Claidheamh Mòr Gaelic (pronounced klaihav moor ) again, which literally means simply great sword. With Claidheamh (sword ) etymologically related to the Latin word gladius. The two words have the same origin, namely Celtic " kladibos ".