The Claymore (or Claidheamh Mòr ) is a common form in Scotland of the sword, which is in use since the early 15th century, where there are two basic models.
The two-handed claymore
The Claymore also Claidhem - More, Claidhmhichean - mora, Glaymore, Scottish two-handed sword, scottish sword was in use until about the 17th century. It has a straight, double-edged blade. This is the place from the narrow issue, and ends in a pointed place. The blade often has a wide hollow grind. The magazine has a wide, angled downward, v -shaped guard, whose ends are decorated with quatrefoils. The handle is usually made of wood and covered with leather. The pommel is round. In the early Claymore you can often find a long, lederumwickelte ricasso.
The Claymore with wicker handle
This used since the late 17th century broadsword is guided with one hand and is much shorter than the two-handed. The booklet is to protect the hand, provided with a basket. The blade length is between three quarters and a few feet. The blade is broad, ending in a pointed place and can be both single-and double-edged. In origin it was used in combat along with a Buckler ( Buckler ). Today it is used in Scottish sword dances and is part of the officer's uniform of the Royal Regiment of Scotland. There is a great similarity to the broadsword.
The notation is Claidheamh Mòr Gaelic (pronounced klaihav moor ) again, which literally means simply great sword. With Claidheamh (sword ) etymologically related to the Latin word gladius. The two words have the same origin, namely Celtic " kladibos ".