Cromer is a coastal town of about 7,800 inhabitants on the north Norfolk coast, England with a spätviktorianischem pier. The city was the model for the geological epoch Cromerium (also: Cromer interglacial period ) approximately 800000-480000 years ago.
Cromer is not mentioned in the so-called Doomesday Book from the year 1086. This book presented an inventory of the English possessions and settlements at the time dar. However, two settlements in this area are mentioned, Shipden - juxta -mers and Shipden - juxta - Felbrigg. It is believed that today's Cromer was built with its church of St. Peter and Paul in the field of settlement Shipden - juxta - Felbrigg. The other Shipden is now about 400 m northeast of Cromer Pier in the sea. Until 1888, this sunken place was to locate yet because there loomed a rock out of the sea, the so-called " Church Rock ". Once a ship was stranded there, this rock has however been blown up.
In the early 19th century to the resort of Cromer developed, like the particularly sought out the rich bankers families from Norwich as a summer resort. In 1883 the London journalist was commissioned by the Great Eastern Railway to Cromer and wrote some articles about the area. His depictions of the coastal region, which he described as " poppy region," found throughout the country to observe and eventually led to the number of visitors rose steadily. The name referred to the numerous poppies that grow there today along the streets and in the meadows. These are the effects of the opium poppy, which had been grown commercially previously in this area of Norfolk.
The first railway line reached the town in 1877 and 10 years later a second station was opened already. There were direct links to London, Manchester, Leicester, Birmingham, Leeds and Sheffield. Even the future King Edward VII came back then from London to play in Cromer Golf. In the Royal Cromer Golf Club the Prince of Wales Cup is played today. Today, however, there is only one Zubringerzug to Norwich.
The city is famous for its " Cromer Crab", which is a main income for local fishermen. The crab is a delicacy and is bought by some restaurants right after the running of the fishing boats and prepared. Over the centuries, the city developed more and more to the fishing station. It can now be fished throughout the year. Crab and lobster in summer, in autumn herring and cod in winter. While the beach in the 19th century of fishing boats was crowded, there are now in place just 10 fishing boats.
The fishermen are also famous as crews of the two lifeboats of the city. The most famous was Henry Blogg Sea Saver, who was awarded three times the gold medal of the Royal Seerettungsgesellschaft for his heroism. In addition, he received four times the silver medal. The Cromer lifeboat station was established in 1804 and was the first station in Norfolk. In the 19th century a lot of rowing boats were stationed along the coast. 1920 a fixed station near the pier was built and purchased a motor boat to help ease over the waves. Cromer and his sanctuary was known nationally through a number of famous bailouts 1917-1941. Nowadays, the lifeboat must average once a month to act, not least because the nearby port ( Great Yarmouth 40 miles, Wells 25 miles) are so far away and could not intervene in time boats from there.