Elizabeth Peabody

Elizabeth Palmer Peabody ( born May 16, 1804 in Billerica, Massachusetts, † January 3, 1894 ) was an American educator and writer, who in 1860 opened the first English-language kindergarten in the United States of America.


She belonged to the movement of the American transcendentalists neuidealistischen. As the first publisher in the United States, she published in 1849, the only edition of the Transcendentalist journal, the Aestetic Papers, in which they published alongside other essays Henry David Thoreau The Resistance to Civil Government.

1834-1835 Amos Bronson Alcott she taught at experimental Temple School in Boston. In 1839 she opened the West Street bookstore that quickly became a meeting place for intellectuals in Boston. In addition to translations of Margaret Fuller, she published several books of Nathaniel Hawthorne. She was also managing director of The Dial, the monthly magazine of the transcendentalists, in which they also published themselves.

In its educational work she was influenced by the German educator Friedrich Froebel.


  • Crimes of the House of Austria ( 1852)
  • Egotheism, the Atheism of To-Day (1858 )
  • Kindergarten Culture (1870 )
  • Kindergarten in Italy (1872 )
  • Reminiscences of Dr. Channing (1880 )
  • Letters to kindergarteners (1886 )