An employers' association is an association of employers (employer ) for the purpose of joint advocacy towards trade unions and the state. One employers' organization is the collective, social, labor market and socio- political voice of its members. Frequently employers' associations are organized by industry or industry groups. They usually close to national, since the European Union and European umbrella associations. The main field of activity of employers' organizations are collective bargaining, in addition they assist their members through information services and legal assistance in the field of social, collective bargaining and labor market issues.
- 7.1 standard work
- 7.2 Further reading
Employers' organizations in Germany
Nationwide and cross-sector employer organization is the Confederation of German Employers' Associations ( BDA). Their biggest member is the employers 'association of total metal in which the employers' organizations in the metal and electrical industry are members. In addition, the Federal Employers' Federation Chemistry ( BAVC ) is a large and influential member association.
Regional organized employers' organizations concerned particularly with the interests of the regional economy. So for example represents the AGA Unternehmensverband medium-sized companies in the areas of wholesale and foreign trade and business-related services, which are located in northern Germany. Topics of regional lobbying of the Association include the receipt of Hamburg free port or the educational system in North Germany. The association also ensures that managing and North German politicians come together to exchange ideas. The member companies are represented in labor issues before the North German courts. For details on the German employers 'associations see: Confederation of German Employers' Associations
There are two basic types of membership in employers' organizations have developed:
A) The classical binding collective membership: The tariff association acting on behalf of its member companies from the collective labor contract and the members are bound by this collective agreement.
B ) The OT- Membership: The member companies have all the benefits and services of a traditional employers' association, but are not tied to a collective labor contract ( "OT" stands for " without collective bargaining coverage ").
The Federal Constitutional Court ( Bundesverfassungsgericht ) has approved this practice in a decision of 1 December 2010 ( 1BvR 2593 /09) and set up some rules.
Employers' organizations in Austria
See: Federation of Industry and Commerce Austria.
At European level, the umbrella organization of European employers' associations BUSINESS EUROPE. Besides working for the young entrepreneurs, for example, the association Yes for Europe, or the person providing the services in the general economic interest.
The best-known employers' organizations in France, the Union nationale des professions libérales ( UNAPL ), the Mouvement des entreprises de France ( MEDEF ), the Confédération générale des petites entreprises et moyennes ( CGPME ) and the Fédération nationale des syndicats d' exploitants Ferme ( FNSEA ).
History ( Germany )
The liberal views of the 19th century saw in employers' associations, the risk of cartels. The more this was the case for collective bargaining agreements. After increasingly unions had formed since the mid 19th century and first collective agreements had been completed, the view gradually changed. In August 1869, the German book printer Association was founded. 1890, the General Association of German Industrial Metal was founded. In 1904 the establishment of two umbrella organizations, the headquarters of the German Employers 'Associations ( founded in 1904 as the representative of heavy industrial employers ) and the Association of German Employers' Associations ( founded in 1904 as representation of employers in the manufacturing industry ). In 1913, this German association for employers' organizations joined together.
1920 businesses were already organized with 8 million employees in employer associations. With the seizure of power by the National Socialists, employers' organizations were dissolved and switched in the same DAF. After the Second World War, the employers' organizations were banned in the Soviet occupation zone or East Germany. In the western sectors tied to the traditions of the time before 1933. 1947, the Association of Employers of the West Zone was formed in 1948 from the Central Secretariat of the employers of the United Economic Area was. November 1950 was the Confederation of German Employers' Associations ( BDA). In 1987, the degree of organization estimated 80%.