The Etymologiae are an encyclopedia of Isidore of Seville (ca. 560-636 ).

Isidore of Seville (also known as Isidore Hispalensis ), the "teacher of Spain " published, 623 (630 ( ?)) The Etymologiae (also known as Origen, full title: Originum seu etymologiarum libri XX, also: Etymologiarum immersive originum libri XX dt; (?): "Twenty books of etymologies or origins "). Isidor tried in this Realenzyklopädie to unite all the secular and spiritual knowledge of his time.

The Etymologiae based on the liberal arts, but to complement them an outline of the known world history. The " basic book throughout the Middle Ages " (ER Curtius ) was compiled from a variety of templates.

The pressure of the Etymologiae of 1472 includes as an illustration to Isidore's text the first card printing in the West. The simple card is made in TO- style as a cycling map.


The content is divided into 20 "books" and such a " book" about a modern-day equivalent book chapters:

  • Book 1: Grammar
  • Book 2: rhetoric and dialectic
  • Book 3: mathematics, music, astronomy
  • Book 4: Medical
  • Book 5: Legal and timing
  • Book 6: Books and church festivals
  • Book 7: God, angels, saints
  • Book 8: Church, sects, religions
  • Book 9: languages ​​, peoples, realms
  • Book 10: Words, names, words
  • Book 11: Human
  • Book 12: Animals
  • Book 13: The world and its classification
  • Book 14: The earth and its classification
  • Book 15: Community Life
  • Book 16: Stones and Metals
  • Book 17: Agriculture
  • Book 18: War and games
  • Book 19: Craft
  • Book 20: Commodities

Expenditure and reception

The plant has been used for centuries in the Middle Ages by students as a standard reference work for the first time and printed in Augsburg in 1472 by Günther Zainer.

Edition: Wallace Martin Lindsay ( eds). 2 vols. 1911 Oxford Internet Archive (both volumes)