Sahabi studied electrical engineering at the University of Tehran, joined after the fall of Mohammad Mossadegh of the National Resistance Movement ( National Front ) that later the freedom movement Mehdi Bāzargāns. The Shah 's critics was from 1972 to 1979 in prison.
From Ruhollah Khomeini Sahabi was appointed as one of the few non- clerics in the Revolutionary Council, and later he was elected to the Assembly of Experts and in the Iranian Parliament. In late 1979, Sahabi was appointed head of the Office of the planned economy, but again released after a dissident statement in 1981 by this office.
As editor of the magazine Irane Farda, especially after the Iranian Spring 1997 by Mohammed Khatami's election, he came forward with dissident articles. As a participant of the Berlin Iran conference in March 2000, he was sentenced to four and a half years after his return in prison for endangering national security and propaganda against the Islamic system.
At the funeral Companions June 1, 2011, there was a scuffle between police and opposition activists, in the course of Haleh Sahabi, the daughter of the deceased, was killed. According to the refugee organization Iran tried to snatch a photo of her father's security forces, the regime critic and scholar of religious studies. Haleh Sahabi It suffered a heart attack and died later in Lavasan Hospital in Tehran.