Federal Railway Authority

50.7033333333337.1391666666667Koordinaten: 50 ° 42 ' 12 " N, 7 ° 8' 21" E

The Federal Railway Authority (EBA ) is an existing since 1 January 1994, an independent German federal authority in the area of ​​federal highways administration. The EBA is subject to the supervision and direction of the Federal Ministry of Transport and digital infrastructure ( BMVI ) and is headed by a president.


The EBA is in Germany, the competent railway regulatory authority or oversight and approval authority for domestic, majority owned by the federal government ( official abbreviation EdB, the federal railways ) located railway infrastructure companies and for German and Germany -scale foreign railway companies. The EBA is responsible for approximately 38,000 kilometers of rail routes (as of 2013).

Non- federally owned public railways and privately operated railways subject to the supervision of the federal states (see state representative for track marshal ). They have the possibility to transfer the supervision of the EBA (§ 5 para 2 General Railway Act ( AEG) ). So far, 11 states, with the exception of Hesse, Lower Saxony, Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg, this is regulated so. The EBA is active in such cases on account of the transfer and countries.

The EBA activities on 1 January 2007 in accordance with § 5 para 1e AEG and in § 25a AEG " Vehicle Register " listed directives of the European Union, the Vehicle Register for Germany and is therefore also responsible for the allocation of vehicle and class numbers.

The EBA is single organized. Head Office in Bonn over 300 employees (including part of fundamental questions of 5 functional areas and operational tasks at remote sites; many employees at headquarters and the press office providing services ); additional 1,000 persons do in twelve field offices in 15 locations operating business on the supervision and approval in individual cases on the spot ( but this also includes all railway stations ). Under the jurisdiction of the Federal Railway Authority no longer fall accident investigation in railway accidents. For this, the Railway Accident Investigation Board of the Federal was established.

In addition, the EBA is transfer the competence for approval and monitoring of magnetic levitation ( maglev General Law - AMBG ).

With the establishment of the EBA, the Law Division (Division 11) of the Authority was initially responsible for competition matters the railroad. It was in August 2002, a new unit (Unit 15 ) for " network access " show, which also includes Decision of § in paragraphs 13Vorlage: § / Maintenance / buzer and 14Vorlage §: § / Maintenance / buzer AEG resulting affairs was transferred. In the years 2003 and 2004 a total of 150 network access procedures were performed. End of February 2005 the decision was made to assign this task as part of the adaptation of railway legislation with EU legislation to the regulatory authority for telecommunications - mail.

Since 1 January 2006, the Federal Network Agency is responsible for monitoring the access to railway infrastructure. Detailed rules contains the Regulation on the non-discriminatory access to rail infrastructure and on the principles for the collection of compensation for the use of railway infrastructure ( Railway Infrastructure Usage Regulations - EIBV ).

Authorization basis

The general authority for the actions of the EBA forms of § 5a (2 ) of the General Railway Act ( AEG). The tasks of admission (except vehicles) and approval of infrastructure ( supervision ) can be only indirectly (Defence of future violations ) attributable to such approval basis.


With effect from 1 January 1994, as part of the structural reform of the German railways, the former special Federal funds - allocated as follows - the German Federal Railways and the German Reichsbahn: In the business area " German Railroad, Inc. ( DB AG)" and in the former Federal Ministry of Transport subordinate administrative matter with the federal authority Federal Railway Authority (EBA ) and the Fund Federal Railways Fund ( BEV). The planned for 2009 amalgamation of these two authorities has failed.

With the adoption on 25 April 2001 by the Federal Cabinet Second Act Amending railroad regulations, the powers of the EBA have been extended. Thus, the EBA was among other things an obligation to ensure non-discriminatory access to the rail network. The intervention powers of regulatory authority were expanded and clarified.

The first President of the EBA was Horst Stuchly. His successor Armin Keppel was appointed in 2003 as President of the EBA. Since 2007, he also led the Federal Railroad Fund (BEV ) in a personal union; Keppel 2008 went into retirement. As the third president in 2009 Gerald Hörster has taken up his duties.

The EBA is divided into four sections: the Central Division, the Infrastructure Department, the Department of Vehicles and operation as well as the financing department.

The Authority is building for years about two percent of its staff each year from. Critics far-reaching personnel cuts in critical areas. The number of authorities responsible for the supervision of railway tracks employees have halved 2003-2013.

Admission Guidelines

Admission old technology:

  • Federal Railroad Central Office in Munich: Mü8004, Munich, 1980 ( in April, so 04)

New technology

  • Europe-wide standards EN = 50126, 50128, 50129