- Klaus -Dieter Scheuerle, Chairman of the Board
- Michael Hann, Director of Human Resources
- Robert Schick Ling, Managing Director of Operations
The DFS German Air Navigation Services (DFS ) is as beliehenes Company Member of the Federal Aviation Administration (Art. 87d GG). It is located in the exclusive property of the Federal Republic of Germany, represented by the Federal Ministry of Transport and digital infrastructure ( BMVI ). The DFS went in 1993 from the Federal Administration of Air Navigation ( FSO).
The DFS was mortgaged by the then Federal Ministry of Transport, by ordinance the exercise of public authority for air traffic control. Air traffic control is a special police task. Specifically, the tasks of air traffic control are regulated in § 27c of the Aviation Act:
- Air traffic control air traffic in Germany,
- The establishment and Inbetriebhaltung of technical equipment and radio navigation facilities,
- The planning and testing of procedures and facilities for air traffic control,
- The creation of expert statements in accordance with § 31 para 3 LuftVG,
- Monitoring all the Obstacles in Bauschutzbereichen or outside this at altitudes above 100 m above sea level. reason
- The collection and communication of aviation information and cards
- The supra-local military air traffic control in Germany.
Air traffic control is provided as space control (Tower), approach control ( terminal control ) and district control ( Area Control Center - ACC ).
The company's headquarters is located in April 2002 in Langen (Hessen) (before Offenbach am Main ) and thus very close to the largest airport in Germany, the Frankfurt airport. DFS operates here for the training of air traffic controllers and related professions own Air Traffic Control Academy. In addition, a field office of the Office is here represented for air traffic control of the armed forces, working closely with the DFS.
The headquarters of the air traffic control in accordance with the respective territory divided into " ACC" ( Area Control Center ) and "UAC " ( Upper Area Control Center). Following control centers are responsible for the German airspace:
The former FIR Berlin (more precisely, Berlin -Schonefeld) covered the territory of the former East Germany, including Berlin and had the identifier ETBN (ACC in Brandenburg Schönefeld ), which is no longer used today; the country code ET the GDR is now used for identification of pure military airfields in Germany. Within this area - space: among them - were three air corridors and the control zone of Berlin, which could be monitored by the Allies (in Berlin -Tempelhof ) and used only by them. See, Berlin and the GDR air traffic control or air bases.
In the wake of reunification, the FSO took control over the entire airspace. But not until after its privatization changes the ICAO identifiers were made in 1995, received the same ACC ( according to the classification of DFS ) the name EDBB, which previously was considered for the airport Berlin -Tempelhof and was renamed EDDI. These two are no longer in use after from 16 December 2006, the tasks in the control area of Berlin were gradually transferred to Bremen, Karlsruhe and Munich. It worked, as the control center of Munich until December 2012, the air space from the ground up to FL 660, which corresponds to 21.7 km (column model).
DFS operates the air traffic control services on behalf and at its own expense, as defined by the BMVI at the following airports:
- Berlin- Schönefeld - EDDB
- Berlin- Tegel - EDDT
- Berlin -Tempelhof - EDDI to 2008
- Bremen - EDDW
- Dresden - EDDC
- Dusseldorf - EDDL
- Erfurt - EDDE
- Frankfurt - EDDF
- Hamburg - EDDH
- Hanover - EDDV
- Cologne / Bonn - EDDK
- Leipzig / Halle - EDDP
- Munich - EDDM
- Münster / Osnabrück - EDDG
- Nuremberg - EDDN
- Saarbrücken - EDDR
- Stuttgart - EDDS
Air traffic control at other airports with air traffic control is not provided by DFS, but by individually mortgaged air traffic controllers who are in the service of a certified air navigation service provider. DFS has transferred these tasks by establishing the Tower Company GmbH on 20 December 2005 into an independent company. The The Tower Company GmbH is a subsidiary of DFS German Air Navigation Services and is based in Langen / Hessen. She is at the aerodromes Dortmund ( EDLW ), Paderborn -Lippstadt ( EDLP ), Frankfurt -Hahn ( EDFH ), Leipzig -Altenburg ( EDAC ), Karlsruhe / Baden -Baden (EDPS ), Magdeburg - Cochstedt ( EDBC ), Memmingen ( EDJA ), Schwerin - Parchim ( EDOP ), Mönchengladbach ( EDLN ) and Niederrhein / Weeze ( EDLV ) operates.
The DFS emerged from the BFS ( BFS). The BFS was founded in 1953 and closed on 1 January 1993. Previously, the DFS was in a private legal form of organization founded as a limited liability company.
Evaluation of the privatization
The work of the DFS is rated as successful: the air traffic delays, which prompted the Federal Government and the Parliament in the second half of the 1980s, to operate the organization privatization of air traffic control are fallen dramatically. This success has been particularly effected by the following changes:
- Air traffic controllers are employed and paid out of the category in the public service;
- By integrating over the local military air traffic control in the civil air traffic controllers were trained in the short term for the control of civil air transport available;
- On the hitherto purely military use airspace to civil air traffic was better equipped;
- The commissioning of new technical systems whose procurement was initiated by the FSO, led to increases in capacity.
Budget and Fees
The running costs are covered by the DFS air traffic control charges. Data are collected en-route charges ( recovery by Euro Control for the 37 countries participating in the Euro Control - fee system Member states and transfer to DFS) and approach and departure fees ( down by the BMVBS by ordinance and collection directly by DFS ).
According to the shareholders agreement, the DFS is a not - for-profit company. Any income generated surpluses have to be repaid and in accordance with the internationally applicable principles for the collection of air navigation charges to airspace users.
In 2004, the Federal Government decided the capital privatization of DFS; only a blocking minority of shares should remain in federal ownership. Besides the fact that it is sovereign tasks with sonderpolizeilichem character in air traffic control, is the fact that the DFS holds up over the local military air navigation services, defense of political importance. Interested in the purchase of shares showed, among other Fraport and Lufthansa, which would mean the risk of conflicts of interest in the work of the DFS.
On 24 October 2006, Federal President Horst Köhler refused the law, which should allow the capital privatization, because of the regulatory tasks and the special nature of the air traffic control police his signature and had it so back with his veto. The President justified his decision by saying that the law was not compatible with the Basic Law, because
- Determined there was a state-owned management (Art. 87d para 1 sentence 1 of the Basic Law );
- It calls for adequate management and control rights;
- The main place of operation can be shifted after 20 years abroad.
With effect from 1 August 2009 this kind 87d GG was then changed. This change air navigation services have since also possible by foreign, approved under European law ANSPs. Three days later, the Law for the Establishment of a Federal Supervisory Office for Air Traffic Control and amending and adapting other regulations in force. So that the desired allocation of regulatory and executive tasks in air traffic control should be possible.